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How to Repad Dining Room Chairs

Revitalize the chairs in your dining room set by replacing worn seat pads and fabric with new fabric and foam. Replacing the seat pads on a set of chairs costs considerably less than getting a new set or taking the chairs to an upholsterer’s for new seats. You can accomplish the task within a day. The chairs will be ready to go for a dinner party that night.

Liven up worn dining room chairs with new seat pads.

  • Turn the chair upside down. Remove the current seat pad from the chair by unscrewing the pad from the frame of the chair. Set the screws aside; you’ll need them to attach the new pad.
  • Remove the staples from the old chair pad to take the fabric off. Use the staple remover or a pair of pliers to pry the staples free. Wear your goggles during this step, as the staples may go flying.
  • Set the old chair base down on the piece of plywood, if you need to cut a new base. You may be able to use the old base if it isn’t cracked or overly worn down. Trace around the old seat on the plywood. Use the jigsaw to cut out the shape of the chair seat.
  • Trace the shape of the plywood seat onto the foam. Use the electric knife to cut out the foam, adding an inch to the seat’s perimeter all around.
  • Spray the adhesive on the back of the foam and attach it to the seat base. Fold the excess foam around the edges of the seat base.
  • Drape the batting over the top of the seat base. Trim the batting so that you have 1/2 inch extra on all sides. Pull the batting tight against the foam and staple in the center on one side. Make sure you put the staple on the underside of the chair. Staple in the center on the other side, then staple all around the underside of the chair base. Space the staples about 2 inches apart.
  • Cover the seat with the fabric. Trim the fabric so that it extends over the underside of the seat by about 1/2 inch. Staple in the center on the sides, underneath the seat. Continue stapling all around the seat base, pulling the fabric as tight as you can. Space the staples about 2 inches apart.
  • Reattach the seat pad to the chair. Place the upside-down chair on top of the base and place the screws back into position, tightening with the screwdriver.

How Do I Clean Berber Carpet

Cleaning berber carpet is a bit different than cleaning other types of carpeting. Berber is typically made from nylon or wool and its fibers are densely packed, so it tends to retain water. According to The Flooring Lady, mold can develop in carpeting that is wet for too long. For this reason, it is essential you know how to properly care for and clean your berber carpet. With proper care berber carpet is quite durable and can remain in good condition for years.

Berber carpet has very tight loops, which makes it very dense.

  • Remove dirt, dust and debris from your berber carpet with regular vacuuming. This will help prevent staining. Always vacuum immediately before wet cleaning.
  • Blot up as much excess moisture as you can when a spill occurs. Then, blot the stain with a cloth moistened with clean water. If clean water does not remove the stain use a spot cleaner approved for berber carpets. After blotting the stain up, make sure to blot excess moisture from the carpet and direct a fan on the spot to speed up drying.
  • Steam clean your berber carpet as needed. Use an approved steam cleaning solution for berber. Do not go over any areas twice unless it is necessary. Use the suction to remove as much water as possible.
  • Blot berber carpet dry with old bath towels. Remove as much water as possible through blotting.
  • Direct a fan on the berber carpet while it is drying. Before putting furniture back on berber carpet make sure it is completely dry. Test for dryness by placing a towel on the carpet and stepping on it.

How to Repair a Run in Berber Carpet

Berber carpet has pile made of loops instead of loose ends. The exposed part of the carpet (the pile) is made of strands that come out of a woven base of square holes and then loop back into the next hole. The threads are anchored into or below the woven base with adhesive. A run causes a thread to pull out anywhere from a single loop to several feet or even yards in length. Tuck the loops back in place, and glue them for a nearly perfect finish.

How to Repair a Run in Berber Carpet

Glue and Tuck

  • Examine the pulled strand. The run will have a definite base where the looped pile is intact. Find this base at one end of the pulled strand. Look closely at the strand to identify if there are periodic glue marks along the strand. They should be in between each pulled loop of the pile.
  • Tuck the first loop. Place your screwdriver or other blunt object on top of the first pulled loop at the glue mark, and push this into the first available hole in the woven backing. If it sticks, try pushing the next glue mark on the strand into the next available hole in the woven backing. Continue for five or six more glue marks and holes.
  • Examine your work. If the loops you replaced into the backing look uneven, pull them out and try spacing them more evenly so the pile you replaced matches the surrounding pile. When you are satisfied, pull the strand out, remembering what holes in the woven backing match what glue marks on the pulled strand.
  • Glue the looped pile back in. Place a small dot of glue on each hole in the woven backing that matched the glue marks on the strand. Replace the glue marks in the holes, and let the glue dry. If the loops do not stay in after being placed back in the holes, apply a weight to the area to keep the loops in while the glue dries.
  • Continue with the next five or ten glue marks/holes. If the job is going smoothly and the loops are not pulling out, continue without bothering to let the glue dry until you finish the job. Keep off the area until the glue is dry.
  • Adjust for too much or too little exposed strand. If you come to the end of tucking and gluing the exposed strand and you have too much strand left over, cut the excess, melt the end of the tucked strand with a match and glue and tuck it into the last hole. If you have too little strand left over, get a strand from a hidden border to finish tucking and gluing the run

How to Design a Kitchen Layout

The best designs for kitchen layouts take into consideration how a kitchen is used on a daily basis and what arrangement of cabinets, appliances, and work areas will function most efficiently. Whether it’s a new kitchen design or a kitchen remodel, how you design a kitchen layout will establish the foundation for all the other design elements that will go into the room.

The layout is the most important functional element of a kitchen.

  • Determine the basic floor plan. Kitchen layouts typically fall into the following categories:
    • One wall kitchen — appliances and cabinets along one wall
    • Galley kitchen (a.k.a. corridor kitchen) — appliances and cabinets along two walls facing each other
    • L-shaped kitchen — wall cabinets and appliances form an “L”
    • U-shaped kitchen — wall cabinets and appliances form a “U”
    • Island kitchen — an L- or U-shaped kitchen with the addition of an island
    • Peninsula kitchen — one cabinet wall is open to another space
  • Design the work triangle. Based on research in the 1950s, the most-used work areas in the kitchen are at the sink, stove, and refrigerator. The concept of a work triangle optimizes the flow between those work areas for the most efficiency — they shouldn’t be too close together or too far apart.
  • Decide on how many prep areas are needed. If multiple cooks will be using the space, design your kitchen with enough room for a second sink, and make sure you have extra room for chopping and dicing.
  • Decide what other functions will take place in the kitchen. Today’s kitchens are the busiest rooms in the house. In addition to cooking features, will you need a separate pantry, a home office, or a place to watch TV?
  • Decide what other functions will take place in the kitchen. Today’s kitchens are the busiest rooms in the house. In addition to cooking features, will you need a separate pantry, a home office, or a place to watch TV? Do you grill a lot? Then perhaps you should add a deck off the back of the kitchen, as well. According to the experts at Capital Construction Contracting Inc, installing a deck off of the kitchen can add “significant value” to your home because it is essentially like adding an outdoor kitchen.

How to Pack Dining Room Chairs in a Moving Truck

Packing dining room chairs in a moving truck can be difficult because of the unusual shape of the chairs. They never fit conveniently anywhere and take up more space than other objects of similar weight. Dining room chairs are also rather fragile so more attention must be paid to their protection. If you follow a few simple tips, you can pack dining room chairs in a moving truck safely and efficiently.

  • Wrap up the chairs in packing blankets. The chair’s legs and arms can get nicked and cushions torn if you don’t protect them with packing blankets.
  • Examine the moving truck where you are loading the dining room chairs. Since they tend to be lighter than other furniture they should go on top of heavier things. Find a space that will accommodate the chairs.
  • Try to stand the chairs on their feet. This is the safest way to transport them since their weight won’t be on their backs or sides. You probably won’t be able to stand them all on their feet but attempt to stand as many as you can this way.
  • Turn some of the chairs over and stack them face down on the chairs standing on their feet. The cushions should be pressed against each other. If the dining room chairs have arms you may need to shift them a few inches to the side so they can meet. Be sure to place padding on the arms if you do this.
  • Secure the dining room chairs so they don’t move. It is common for chairs to be damaged by shifting when they aren’t packed tight. Fill in the space around them with small, soft objects. Tie the chairs down if you have no other way to keep them from moving.

Cowhide Rugs – Natural Rugs for Your Flooring

re you finally ready to redecorate your home? Perhaps, you want to give a new place some personality. Regardless of your situation, you might be interested in beautiful, cowhide rugs. These stunning floor coverings are extremely popular these days. The following four benefits of these natural products make them a smart choice for almost anyone.
Natural Beauty

Nowadays, natural products are the rage. New home buyers often demand hardwood floors. Many people also prefer granite, quartz, or marble countertops to solid-surface ones. Shoppers even look for natural accessories, such as cowhide rugs, to complete their design schemes. The natural beauty of cowhide rugs can instantly add warmth, style, and sophistication to any space.


Do you live in a farmhouse in the country? Perhaps, you dwell in a high-rise condo in a large metropolitan area. Cowhide rugs look amazing in any style of home. They are available in a wide selection of colors to fit your personal tastes. If you gravitate toward traditional looks, you might adore a brown and white cow-skin floor covering. If modern styles appeal to you, you may wish to purchase a blue, purple, or yellow cowhide rug.


If you’re like many people, you might not have a lot of extra money in your budget for home décor products. Therefore, you may tend to shop for items that will last for many years. When cared for properly, cow-skin rugs are extremely durable. To clean them, you simply need to shake them out on a weekly basis. However, you shouldn’t ever place them in the washing machine or dryer. Don’t take them to the dry cleaners either. If you accidently spill something on your cow-skin rug, simply remove the stain with a minimum amount of mild soap and water. You can also lightly steam clean your cowhide floor covering when needed.

Do you suffer from bothersome, seasonal allergies? If you deal with allergies on a regular basis, you might be wary about adding a new rug to your home. After all, you might assume your new floor covering will attract all sorts of allergens. Thankfully, cow-skin rugs are naturally hypo-allergenic . So, you don’t have to worry about your beautiful, new rug worsening your seasonal allergy symptoms.

For some people, shopping for home décor items is a challenging experience. Fortunately, one home décor product available in retail outlets today is an ingenious choice for nearly every type of buyer. The natural beauty of cowhide rugs make them effortlessly stylish, sophisticated, and timeless. These colorful floor coverings are also versatile, durable, and hypo-allergenic. They are one home décor item that rewards purchasers for many years to come.

Ideas for White, Red & Black Kitchen Designs

Red accessories add drama to the kitchen.

A white, red and black kitchen design creates a bold, high-contrast statement in your home. Whether you are starting from scratch or incorporating color into your existing kitchen design, you can add elements that transform a standard kitchen into a dramatic, modern space. As you plan a design, look for ways to use color that will complement the rest of your home for a continuous feeling.

Black-and-White Patterns

  • To combine black and white in your kitchen and create a contemporary feeling, use black-and-white patterns. You can choose a bold striped backsplash, for example, or find floral-printed curtains for the window. Look for printed plates, decorative panels, or insert a few bold tiles into your backsplash for an unexpected touch. With black and white, a little goes a long way; even a small amount of patterned space can make a large design impact.

Red Cabinets

  • For a bold way to incorporate red into your kitchen design, paint your cabinets a deep crimson color. If you have wooden cabinets, use a primer to prepare the surface for the paint; you can also install red metal cabinets for a contemporary look. For a less dramatic look, add inserts into the cabinets for a splash of color without the commitment; mount fabric panels on the center of each cabinet that can be removed when you want to change the design. If you want bold expanses of red without overwhelming the space, paint your bottom cabinets so that the color rests below the line of sight.


  • If you want to incorporate red and black into the kitchen without making a dramatic statement, use accents. Start with a white base, and add red and black for contrast. You might buy colored appliances, for example, or add color in the hand towels. Look for pot holders, chargers, place mats, lamp shades, utensil holders or tablecloths in red and black. Vases, stemware, cookie jars or candle elements are also ways to add color without spending a great deal of money.

Checkerboard Floor

  • A black-and-white checkerboard floor is a way to add a retro feeling to your kitchen. Look for tiles that will retain their depth of color over the years. One-foot tiles will make a strong impression without overwhelming the room. A checkerboard floor is particularly effective in a small kitchen, where you do not have a lot of room to work in design elements.

How to Recover a Dining Room Seat Cushion

Like all household furniture, the upholstery on your dining room chairs will eventually wear out. You may wish to replace the chairs before the fabric wears Recovering dining room seat cushions requires only fabric and a few household tools.out, due to changing tastes or fashions. However, purchasing a new set of chairs every time home decorating fashion changes or the fabric gets stained will put a serious dent in your bank account. A much more economical option is to recover the seat cushions yourself. With only a few yards of fabric and a few tools, you will have dining room chairs that look like new.

  • Look at the screws holding the seat on the dining room chair to determine the type of screwdriver you will need. Unscrew the screws and put them in a safe place. Remove the seat from the chair.
  • Turn the seat over and use the needle-nose pliers to remove the staples holding the old fabric to the seat. Remove the old fabric and set it aside.
  • Evaluate the condition of the seat padding. If the padding is in good condition, you do not need to replace it. If it is not, cut a piece of foam to the same dimensions as the old cushion. If you like, you can cut the new foam to a different height. Taller foam will result in softer cushions, and shorter foam will result in firmer cushions. Remove the old padding from the seat if you are replacing the foam, and glue the new foam in place with high-strength adhesive.
  • Cut a new piece of fabric to the same dimensions as the old fabric. If you added height to the cushion, add twice the additional height of the cushion to either dimension of the fabric. For example, if the old fabric measured 16 inches by 16 inches, and you added 1 inch to the height of the cushion, you would cut a piece of fabric measuring 18 inches by 18 inches.
  • Lay the fabric face-down on a flat surface. Center the seat, cushion side down, on the fabric.
  • Pull the middle point of one side of the fabric over the cushion and board and staple in place. Staple the fabric 1 inch away from the first staple on the left and on the right. Continue in this manner until you have stapled the whole side, except for 2 inches at each corner. Repeat on the opposite side of fabric, and then on the two remaining sides.
  • Lay a corner of fabric flat, folding the excess fabric underneath the fabric on the sides. Staple in place. Repeat on the remaining corners.
  • Screw the completed seat in place on the dining room chair.

How to Pad Wooden Dining Room Chairs

Wooden dining room chairs come in thousands of different styles that match a wide range of tables. After regular use, you may notice that the chairs feel less More padding makes your chairs more comfortable.comfortable. Most chairs feature some type of padding, but the padding breaks down over time. Whether you have chairs with inadequate padding, no padding or padding that has broken down, you can replace the padding easily yourself. The process is similar to reupholstering, except that you do not replace the fabric.

  • Turn the chair upside down with the bottom of the chair facing up. Depending on the manufacturer, the chair may feature screws or nails that keep the seat attached to the chair frame. Remove the seat from the wooden chair frame by unscrewing it from the frame using a screwdriver. If the seat had been nailed to the frame instead, remove the nails using a hammer or a pair of pliers, taking extra care not to crack the wood as you pull the nails out.
  • Turn the seat upside down to reveal the staples holding the fabric to the seat. Slide the butter knife under the edge of any staples holding the fabric in place and pop the staples loose.
  • Peel away the fabric from the seat and set it to one side. Slide the edge of the utility knife under the original padding and wiggle it from side to side. Push the knife around, loosening the padding until it comes off the bottom board or backing.
  • Sand the bottom board with medium-grit sandpaper, removing any glue residue left behind. The glue holds the padding to the board. Set the board on top of the foam and trace around the board. Trim the excess foam away, following the line you made.
  • Coat the bottom of the foam with spray adhesive, which makes the foam slightly tacky. Spray more adhesive on the board itself. Set the foam directly on top of the board and press it down gently, letting the glue adhere the pieces together.
  • Arrange the fabric over the top of the foam and board. Drape the fabric over one side of the pieces and turn it around so that you can see the bottom. Staple the fabric to the board and pull the fabric down taut on the opposite side. Add more staples and repeat on the other two sides, pulling the fabric taut and smooth as you staple.
  • Reattach the seat back to the wooden chair frame using the screws or nails you had removed previously.

How to Make a Dining Room Booth

A dining room booth, or banquette, is an interesting and elegant way to provide seating for a dining room. One of the advantages of booth seating, over traditional seating provided by individual chairs, is intimacy: you can sit closer to someone you love in a banquette. You can also often seat more people in a roomy booth than you can at a table with chairs.

Create a booth or banquette seating arrangement for your dining room.

  • Decide whether you want to make an L-shaped seating area around two sides of a table, a niche booth with a U-shaped seating area around three sides of a table or a two-sided booth with fixed benches on the two opposite long sides of the table. Draw up a test floor plan to scale to help you decide.
  • Construct the booth seating banquettes or benches. Determine the ideal seat height for your dining table. For most tables, this is 18 inches from the floor to the top of the seat of the chair. Use 2 inch by 2 inch dimensional lumber to construct the skeleton of a box. The box should be the proper length for the banquette as measured along the wall. The box should be about 26 inches wide, from the front of the bench to the back. The box should be 14 inches tall from the floor to the seat of the bench. These dimensions will accommodate the seat cushions.
  • Sheath or cover this frame with ¾ inch thick plywood or medium density fiberboard (MDF). Use plywood sheathing if you intend to upholster the bench completely. Use MDF if you want to paint the bench. If the back of the bench will never be seen, don’t sheath the back.
  • Build a backrest for the bench. Build another box frame, equal to the length of the bench. The backrest frame should be no more than 6 to 8 inches in width. The backrest can be as tall as you like: mid-back height, shoulder height, or as tall as an average person is when seated. Sheath it in 3/4 inch thick plywood or MDF.
  • Mount the backrest on the back edge of the bench with wood screws. Drive the screws down through the framing of the backrest into the bench, or use angle irons.
  • Accommodate any turns for an L or U shaped bench. It is sometimes easier to build any “turns” as separate bench units and put them together at a later stage. This also produces a bench that is easier to manage in terms of size and weight. Conduct a ‘dry run’ of your bench units to see what modifications may be needed to fit the pieces together, snugly, into an L or a U.
  • Cover the front and the side panels of the bench units, and the side and top panels of the backrests in a suitable upholstery material, if desired. Pad these areas with 1 inch thick foam rubber, cut a little larger than the sizes needed for each panel. Staple the foam rubber to the bench before covering it with fabric. Roll the foam over edges and around corners to soften them.
  • Optional: if you want to simply paint the benches, cover all the corners and construction joints with molding trims. Prime the benches. Paint the benches with two coats of a durable, semi-gloss or gloss enamel paint.
  • Acquire large sheets or blocks of foam rubber from fabric stores or online. Choose the thickness of the foam according to your tastes: 4 to 6 inches thick is standard.
  • Cut the foam into sections (an electric bread knife works well) to match the size of your bench seats. Cut the foam slightly larger than the seat both along the front (under the knee) and on the sides. If you have an L or a U turn to span, make the L one piece of foam. Make two long straight pieces of foam to fit on either side of this L. This technique works with U-shaped benches as well.
  • Cover the foam seat blocks with a gauze or “facing” material available at fabric stores. Baste stitch the facing material so it encapsulates the foam blocks completely.
  • Upholster the seat blocks with fabric. Use a sewing machine to create six-sided “envelopes” for the cushions. Sew the fabric panels together inside out. Leave one “flap” of the envelope open, along a long edge. After sewing the envelopes, turn them right side out.
  • Insert the foam cushions into the envelopes and then close up the open end by whip-stitching the seam closed by hand. If you want to create washable covers, tailor the cushions with nylon zippers along the back seams so you can remove the foam cushion.
  • Place the seat cushions on the benches. Measure the distance from the top of the cushion to the top of the backrest. This is the height you need to make your backrest cushions. The seat cushions need to fit under the lower edge of the backrest cushions.
  • Construct backrest cushions as you did the seat cushions.
  • Attach the backrest cushions to the backrest with four vertical rows of heavy-duty Velcro strips.
  • Push the upholstered benches into the final position against the wall. Pull the table up to the benches and test the clearance needed to get in and out of the benches comfortably. Adjust the table location as needed.

How to Decorate a Small Attached Living & Dining Room

Decorating a small attached living and dining area can be a headache, and creating distinctly separate rooms with minimal space can be a design challenge. How to Decorate a Small Attached Living & Dining RoomBut a tiny living space doesn’t have to feel like a shoebox; with a little guidance and preparation, your home can go from cluttered and cramped to wonderfully cozy. And the best part? Your renovation doesn’t have to cost a fortune.

  • Empty out the living and dining rooms, moving the furniture well out of the way for now. You need to be able to plan out your space without having to climb over the sofa to get from one end to the other.
  • Select an interior latex paint in a light, neutral color, and paint both rooms in the same hue. Choose a satin finish, which will be less reflective and add depth to your walls. Light colors will make the room feel more open and bright, and painting both rooms in the same color will keep the areas from seeming boxy and enclosed.
  • Use furniture to define the spaces, and treat them as two distinct rooms. Orient your dinette set or dining table in the center of the dining room. Arrange the living room furniture around a focal point, such as a TV or fireplace. Splitting the rooms in this manner visually enlarges the space by creating purposes for each room. The unified paint color, meanwhile, prevents the eye from becoming distracted.
  • Add bright, airy accent elements. Small spaces are often shrunken by bold decorating styles, so understatement is the key with your decor choices. Look for lamps with delicate, slender bases and light colored shades; hang pictures with narrower frames, and try to avoid cluttering your wall space. Select draperies and curtains in lightweight, sheer fabrics.
  • Get organized. Perhaps the best way to maximize the appearance of space in a small, attached living and dining space is to do a little spring cleaning. Get rid of furniture that isn’t necessary to the space, and minimize decorative elements. Clutter drastically reduces the impression of space, so making sure that every object has a designated place can do wonders for opening up your home

How Much Money Does the Realtor Selling Your Home Get?

Real estate agents help market and sell houses.

Real estate agents sell homes based on commission — generally about 5 or 6 percent of the sales price. Agents who are members of the National Association of Realtors are called realtors, but other than the trade association membership there is no difference between a realtor and a real estate agent.


  • A contract with a realtor is a voluntary agreement. Sales commissions of 6 percent are common, but you can negotiate a lower commission when selling your house. Interview several agents and ask each of them if they’re willing to accept a commission of less than 6 percent. Shaving just 2 percent off the standard 6 percent sales commission will save $6,000 in commission fees on a home selling for $300,000.

Luxury Listings

  • Leverage for a lower commission is even greater on luxury homes costing around $1 million. Realtors are so eager for luxury home listings that some will accept as little as 3 percent in sales commission, according to MSN Money. The agents realize that even with the smaller commission they may earn more on a luxury home than on lower-priced homes.

Buyer’s Agent

  • A realtor does not keep the entire commission. The buyer’s agent usually receives half. That means on a 6 percent commission, both agents receive 3 percent, and they will share some of that money with their respective real estate brokers.

Annual Wages

  • Only the top 10 percent of real estate agents earn more than $100,000 in a year, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The median annual wage for a real estate agent in 2008 was $40,150. Median wages for the top 10 percent were $101,860. The lowest 10 percent earned $21,120.


  • Some sellers avoid paying realtors by acting as their own agent. They list their homes as “for sale by owner,” and handle all marketing, inquiries and open house events. The strategy works for some sellers, especially in a strong economy when there is great demand for housing and homes are easy to sell. Other owners pay a flat fee of 1 or 2 percent to companies offering basic help with marketing and advertising.

How to Choose Bedroom Curtains

When choosing bedroom curtains, you should consider many factors.
Choosing the type of curtains for your bedroom depends on a number of factors. Color, texture, insulating ability and style are just a few to consider. Light that comes into the bedroom is another important consideration, particularly for a bedroom where morning light can disturb sleep. Whether you like ultra-modern styling or soft traditional settings, there are a number of fabrics and methods of operation to help make your bedroom the comfortable retreat you envision.

  • Look at the wall paint in relationship to the size of the room. Consider whether the color of your walls overwhelm the room. For large expanses of wall space, you might break up the color with a patterned fabric on the windows. For a small room, you might wish to make the curtains the same color to create a sense of more space.
  • Notice the shape of the windows. Simple rectangular windows scattered around the room can look good with any kind of window treatment. Large stretches of window may need to be broken up into individual units. Arched windows may need special rods or shades for curved areas.
  • Feel the temperature of the room. Does the bedroom face the north, or is it subject to drafts in winter? You may need lined curtains that you can close at night to help keep heat in the room. Heavy fabrics will also help to insulate the room.
  • Take note of early morning light. Think about how often you will open and close the drapes. If your bedroom windows face east, morning light may disturb sleepers. Draperies on sliding tracks will be easier to shut light out in the early morning and let light in later in the day. If light isn’t a problem, you can consider lighter-weight fabrics and stationary rods.
  • Consider the styling of your décor. If you prefer modern styling, frilly ruffles or voluminous drapes won’t go well with the feel of the room. Consider a modern print or contrasting color to add an edge to the room. If you like country styling, soft prints and ruffles will work well.
  • Measure your windows. Take measurements from the top of the windows to the bottom and to the floor.
  • Go to your local window treatment store and pick out fabrics and styles.
  • Place your order and arrange for installation.

How to Reupholster Seat Cushions on Dining Room Chairs

The ability to upholster chairs is a useful skill for do-it-yourselfers and any homeowner. While it might initially seem like a daunting task, reupholstering Reupholstering old dining room chairs can give an old space new cushions is easy to accomplish and requires no previous sewing or upholstery experience. Old dining room chairs can take on a new life by simply adding a new piece of fabric that better coordinates with the design of the room. Before beginning any upholstery work, it is important to repair the chairs if needed.

  • Remove the seat from the chair. This usually requires simply turning the chair upside down and removing the screws that are holding the cushion in place. Remember to reserve the screws so the cushion can be reattached after the cushion is covered.
  • Pull away any existing fabric from the dining room chair cushion. If the fabric is stapled in place, use a flat-head screwdriver to pry the staples away from the underside of the cushion. If possible, keep the original fabric intact to use as a pattern for the new fabric.
  • Repair the cushion as needed. If the foam is torn, fill the holes with pieces of upholstery foam and glue in place. If you prefer, you can replace the upholstery foam entirely by attaching a new sheet to the base of the cushion with spray adhesive.
  • Create a pattern for your new upholstery fabric. If you were able to reserve the original cushion fabric, simply trace this piece onto your new fabric. You can also create a pattern by draping a piece of muslin cloth over the cushion and tracing out the shape you need. Be sure to leave extra material on all sides for pull.
  • Position your seat cushion over the new fabric, print side down. Pull the fabric over to the underside of the cushion and staple in place. Pull the fabric as tight as possible to avoid bubbling and create a clean, professional look. Cut off excess material or cover with a sheet of interfacing.
  • Attach the seat cushion to the chair with your reserved screws.

How to Design a Culinary Arts Demonstration Kitchen

An effective culinary-arts demonstration kitchen gives students an extensive view of the instructor’s workstation, and provides space for students to learn through hands-on practice. Minimize obstructions that can prevent students from observing the instructor’s work, and choose the quietest equipment you can find so students can hear the instructor. Give safety features special attention in your design, to accommodate inexperienced chefs.

  • Situate the instructor’s workstation in a central, visible location. Students should be able to see and hear the instructor from every part of the room.
  • Plan locations for video cameras and video screens. Place one camera in a location to film the instructor’s prep station, and another camera over the stove, where it can film multiple burners. Situate video screens on either side of the instructor’s workstation, high enough for all students to see.
  • Minimize clutter around the workstation by arranging cabinets for pans and utensils within reach, but away from the island containing the instructor’s stove and prep area.
  • Place a hand-washing sink within easy reach of the workstation, but at enough of a distance to not interfere with instruction activity or for water to splash on prep areas.
  • Plan student workstations where up to four students can work together. Workstations should be islands with stainless-steel prep stations and burners if students are cooking.

How to Design a Kitchen for the Elderly

Eventually, we all will need to modify our living environment — including our kitchen. Universal design offers spaces that treat “disability” as a relative term, recognizing that all people have “special needs”, whether tall, short, physically challenged or elderly; and that needs vary within each individual’s lifetime. Universal kitchen design provides some options that are convenient for anyone, but particularly well-suited to elderly users.

  • Establish priorities by taking inventory of the needs of household members. Perhaps someone has a chronic condition that means they will eventually need an assisted living device like a wheelchair. An elderly member of the household may be much shorter than others or need help in the kitchen.
  • Plan for varying mobility requirements. This may mean allowing five feet between counters and islands or arranging space to minimize the need to walk between preparation areas and cooking appliances. Add pull-out counters under microwaves and ovens to allow hot food to be put down without the need to turn around or move to another counter.
  • Provide standard or adjustable counter-height workspace. Counter height has been creeping higher in new homes but our parents — and anyone in a wheelchair — find them inconvenient. Place ovens and microwaves on walls where they can be approached at eye level to make them more accessible.
  • Buy appliances with safety features convenient for wheelchair users. Side-by-side refrigerator freezers, in-door ice and water dispensers, side-open ovens, convection stove tops and front-mounted controls all simplify use and make appliances more accessible. Leave open space under adjustable work counters that can be raised or lowered four inches.
  • Build in convenience by including at least 60 inches of “prep” and cleanup space next to range tops, ovens and refrigerators. Install pull-out storage in base cabinets and pull-down racks in upper cabinets. Specify pull-out shelves on rollers in appliances and cabinets.

How to Start a Kitchen Design Business

Everyone knows that kitchens sell homes; even when home sales drop, people still like to remodel this versatile room in their homes. If you’re an interior designer with a special love for kitchen design, consider starting a kitchen design business.

Start a Kitchen Design Business

  • Figure out what you want to do. You can own a kitchen design showroom, do consulting for other interior designers or contractors or act like an interior designer only specializing in kitchens.
  • Research local licensing laws. Many states require that an interior designer have a certain number of years of experience as well as a college degree. Since kitchen design falls under the umbrella of interior design, you’d still need a license. Alternatively, you can call yourself an “interior decorator” to bypass these licensing laws.
  • Set up your office. Even if you only take jobs as a consultant, you’ll need some kind of office from which to work. You can set up a home office if you’d like, but if you plan to have clients come over, your entire house must be presentable. If you want to own a design showroom, you’ll have to buy some inventory to display as well as set up your office.
  • Decide on your rates. This all depends on the type of business you start. Obviously the rate for consulting is different from the rate for a residential kitchen remodel design gig.
  • Make up business cards and give them out to everyone you meet. Choose other marketing techniques that you think will help you get some business. Consider talking to contractors and other interior designers to see if they would be interested in using your services, or at the very least, referring some business to you.
  • Keep up with the trends in kitchen design. As a professional, people will only want to hire you if you know what you’re talking about when it comes to kitchens. Know about every aspect that makes up a kitchen, from cabinets to counter tops and from sinks to floors.

How to Make a Zen Bedroom on a Budget

The spirit of Zen is humble, direct and peaceful. Uncomplicated decor, simple lines, empty space and natural materials belong in a Zen bedroom. Lots of decorative touches, loud colors, and an excess of consumer goods are the antitheses of a Zen retreat. But a Zen makeover isn’t an invitation to use your entire savings in pursuit of serenity. Spend little to nothing; let go of everything you don’t need. Find space to breathe and to meditate, using mostly what you already have.

Modern Japanese style zed bedroom
Clean and ClearThe cheapest thing you can do to create a Zen bedroom on a budget costs nothing and may make you some money to pay for the paint. Clear it out. Zen decor is spare, bare, calm, uncluttered and clean. An uncluttered space imparts a sense of spaciousness and is always the epitome of order. Blitz the room for the fastest clear-out possible — also the most painless, as it is a quick surgical strike. Take everything out, including the contents of closets, the dresser, under-bed storage, the curtains, wall-hung art, even the bedding. Clean the room. Determine the absolute minimum of furniture to go back in — you need the bed and some light; everything else is debatable. Cull your closet and donate or sell the clothes you haven’t worn in the last year. Anything that goes back into the room should have a designated place; which, for most things, won’t be the floor.

A clean, uncluttered modern bedroom
Zen PaletteNeutral is so Zen. Paint the walls, ceiling and trim the same non-color or a soft shade from nature. White, gray, beige, blush, pale straw, whitened jade, a mere hint of sky-blue, the most subtle hues are soothing, not distracting, and change with the shifting light in the room. Cover the floor with a handwoven rug or rush mat, or refinish a plank floor and consider wax rather than glossy polyurethane. A bedroom is low-traffic enough to make a rich wax finish practical. Replace bedding, if possible, with plain white sheets and pillowcases in a high-thread count, an investment in quality that looks as good as it feels and lasts longer than cheaper sheets. Wait for an annual white sale to get bargains on better bedding. Leave off the throw pillows, fancy bedspreads and other patterned and decorative touches.

Simple bedroom painted with a grey and beige color scheme
Blooms and BranchesBring some nature into your Zen retreat with a healthy green plant or a curated collection of objects found on contemplative walks — cost: minimal to none. A simple stand of green bamboo in a plain clay pot adds a vertical note to decor, thrives fairly hardily indoors, and will rustle softly when windows are open to catch a breeze. A hanging spider plant in the window is graceful and cleans your air at the same time. A single blossom in a clear glass flute vase invites meditation. A small basket of woven grasses holding a few polished beach or river rocks merges found and handmade art. An interesting branch is an angular sculpture anchored in a glass globe. Leave walls bare or hang just one unframed brush painting — elegant black calligraphy on linen or rice paper.

Close up of bamboo plants
Breathing With the BuddhaThe focus of a Zen bedroom may be your spiritual practice, and your private space is the perfect place to set up an altar and meditation station. A Buddha statue doesn’t have to be large, gilded and bejeweled, or an obsidian antique. A symbolic Buddha sandal is enough for an altar centerpiece; tuck a fresh blossom into it to honor the deity. Place your statue or symbol on a low wood platform or carved altar. Make an inexpensive altar with a wine crate covered by a clean linen or embroidered silk cloth. Repurpose a bedside table or lay a clean cloth over a low bench or stool. Add a tea light, vase for a flower, incense holder, brass bell or crystal. Cover a spare pillow with plain cotton canvas or splurge on a supportive meditation cushion to place in front of the altar.

Colorful cushion seats line a bedroom wall for meditation

Men’s Bedroom Decorating Ideas

When decorating a bedroom for a man, the contemporary style is a fine choice. This is due largely to the fact that contemporary style decorating ideas focus on a clutter-free environment and modern fabrics paired with sleek furniture and simple artwork. It aims to create a soothing and easy-to-care-for room without frills.

Men's Bedroom Decorating Ideas
FurnitureFor a contemporary style bedroom, purchase a suite of furniture with clean lines and little embellishment. Black or natural wood tones work well with the contemporary look.

Purchasing a complete matched suite of furniture unifies the room better than a mix of furniture pieces does, and provides a blank canvas in which to begin decorating.

Buy a king-size bed. King-size beds are the largest beds in regard to length, which is more comfortable for taller men. A bed of this size also acts as a focal point in the room.

Place a sleek chest at the foot of the bed. This provides a place to store extra blankets.

If there is wall space opposite the bed, consider mounting a flat-panel television to the wall. If this isn’t possible, try adding an entertainment center. In contemporary design, electronics often take the place of art in a room.

LinensThe color scheme for the bedroom of a man needs to be soothing but still masculine. Blues, greens, grays and blacks work best. Browns can be used, but they normally work best as an accent color unless they are a rich chocolate or are paired with white.

Bed linens should consist of basic bedding along with a comforter, bed skirt and pillow shams. Purchase a matched set for the most cohesiveness. When purchasing a bed skirt, look for one that is tailored as opposed to ruffled. This is more masculine and more fitting in a contemporary bedroom.

Window treatments should consist of tailored drapes and valance. Blinds can also be used, but drapes add an air of refinement and softness that is more relaxing in a bedroom.

ArtworkAbstract art for walls makes a contemporary statement, as do black and white landscape prints. If the man has favorite photographs, consider having them enlarged and printed in gray-scale. Matted and framed, these prints can be used as inexpensive artwork.

When the chosen color scheme is gray, black or white, consider a large piece of colored artwork over the bed. In a cool color scheme, a bit of color is usually necessary to prevent the room from feeling drab and somber.

Cheap Ideas for Remodeling a Bedroom

Updating a bedroom does not have to cost a fortune.
If you have bought an older home or have lived in yours for some years, it may be time for an update. Bedrooms are usually last on the list for improvement, and by the time you get around to them, funds may be short. Even so, by implementing a few cheap ideas for remodeling a bedroom you can transform a timeworn, nondescript space into a stylish retreat.

Molding and Trim

  • Many bedrooms lack crown molding or any other architectural embellishment. Adding this luxurious touch to a room creates a finished, elegant look at an affordable price. Wood molding is expensive, but lightweight polyurethane foam products are indistinguishable from wood once they are painted and put in place. Install lightweight crown molding to add instant architectural interest to a room that has none. A decorative ceiling medallion surrounding a new light fixture will dress up the space even more. Like molding, ceiling medallions are available in polyurethane foam as opposed to the original heavy plaster. Moldings and medallions of this type are available through home centers and require only small nails or glue for installation. This remodeling project is within the scope of even an amateur do-it-yourselfer.


  • If you love traditional decor, adding high wainscoting to a plain-Jane bedroom will give it instant character and charm. Use lightweight bead board paneling, which is inexpensive and easy to install. Paint or stain the paneling prior nailing it in place. High wainscoting, which should extend two-thirds of the way up the wall, will provide an interesting backdrop for your bed and create the illusion of a headboard if you do not have one. Top the wainscoting with a grooved plate-rail molding for a classic finishing touch. Not only does it look good and add dimension, but the plate rail also provides a shallow shelf for the display of decorative items around the room. Painting the wall above the wainscoting a contrasting color will emphasize its detail and add another element of color to the room.


  • Complete your bedroom remodeling project by adding a new floor. You can have the appearance of real hardwood flooring at a significantly lower price if you choose a wood-look laminate. Laminate floors have the same grain pattern and texture as wood, but they are made of layers of inorganic material bonded together, or laminated. The design layer, which gives the product its real-wood look, is applied to the core backing, and then a tough wear layer is added to make the floor durable and easy to care for. Many different wood types are available from traditional oak and cherry to exotic Brazilian hardwoods. Styles range from rustic to contemporary. Many laminates are suitable for do-it-yourself installation.

The Disadvantages of Berber Carpet

The term “Berber” refers to the weave of the carpet, not the materials. Berber carpet is made from a variety of materials, and the weave results in short loops. The durability and ease of maintenance varies depending on the type of fabric used to manufacture the carpet. A Berber carpet made of quality wool or nylon will have fewer issues than one made of olefin or polyester fibers. While Berber carpet is inexpensive and available in a variety of colors, there are also disadvantages to Berber carpet.

 Inexpensive Berber carpet may quickly show wear and tear.


  • Carpets require more maintenance than other flooring choices. Berber carpet manufactured with nonwool or nylon fibers can be hard to clean. It is difficult to remove stains from the fibers, and they quickly show wear and tear. Cleaning the carpet can result in a yellow tinge. Carpet holds onto odors, stains and bacteria more than other flooring choices such as hardwood or stone.


  • Less expensive Berber carpets have a low flashpoint. As a result, the carpets are easily damaged by dragging furniture. The movement of the furniture burns the fabric and leaves an irreversible stain. The loops of Berber carpet are also easily caught in high heels or your pets’ nails, which can unravel the carpet. The inexpensive fibers are crushed easily and can not be repaired.


  • Inexpensive fibers feel rough to the touch. Families with children and others who spend a lot of time walking barefoot or sitting on the floor will want to consider more expensive wool or nylon-fiber Berber carpets.

How to Get Pet Stains Out of Berber Carpet

Berber carpet is long-lasting and durable. Despite its resilience, it is important to remove pet stains from Berber carpet promptly. Not only do pet stains look unsightly, a foul odor often accompanies pet urine and pet feces stains. There is no need to go out and purchase a commercial product for removing pet stains from carpet. You likely have everything you need right at home.

Clean pet stains from carpet promptly for best results.

Removing Pet Urine Stains

  • Remove as much of the urine stain as possible. Use a thick stack of paper towels and apply pressure while blotting urine-stained Berber carpet. Switch to a clean stack of paper towels often. Continue blotting until no more urine transfers from the carpet to the paper towels.
  • Pour equal parts white vinegar and water into an empty spray bottle. Saturate the entire stained area of the carpet with the solution.
  • Blot the carpet again with a stack of paper towels. Continue blotting until there is almost no moisture coming up from the carpet.
  • Sprinkle the affected area of the carpet with a generous coating of baking soda. Mix ¼ cup hydrogen peroxide and 1 tsp. bleach-free liquid dish soap into a bowl. Drizzle the soap and peroxide mixture over the baking soda.
  • Work the mixture into the carpet using an old toothbrush. Allow it to dry completely before vacuuming the carpet.

Removing Pet Feces Stains

  • Scoop up solid pieces of feces with a plastic spoon or paper towels. Take care not to rub or spread the feces further into the carpet.
  • Spray the area with a laundry pretreatment spray. Allow the spray to sit on the carpet for two to three minutes.
  • Fill a bucket with 1 gallon warm water. Add 3 tsp. laundry detergent to the water. Use your hands to combine the ingredients and make the mixture soapy.
  • Dip a sponge into the soapy water and wring it out. Blot the stained area of the carpet several times with the sponge and soapy water. Rinse out the sponge frequently while blotting.
  • Scrub the carpeting with an old toothbrush or scrub brush. Rinse out the brush in the bucket of soapy water while scrubbing. Continue scrubbing until the feces stain is gone. Blot the area with old rags to remove excess moisture.
  • Pour ½ cup vinegar and ½ cup warm water into an empty spray bottle. Saturate the stained area with the mixture. Allow it to soak into the carpeting for about five minutes.
  • Rinse the area with a rag and cold water. Blot with a clean rag to remove the moisture.
  • Sprinkle a generous amount of baking soda over the area. Let the baking soda sit on the carpet overnight before vacuuming it up the next day.

How to Remove Paint Stains From Berber Carpets

Despite your best efforts to prevent it, it’s still possible to get some wet paint on your carpets when undertaking a painting project. Luckily, these stains are easier to remove from Berber carpets than other high-pile carpets because Berber carpets are dense and the thick paint is unlikely to soak deep into the carpet. Clean the pain stains as quickly as possible, as wet paint is easier to remove than dry paint, though this process will work to remove dry paint.

Use drop cloths to help prevent spilling paint on your Berber carpets.

  • Blot up as much of the paint as possible with clean cloths. Do not rub the paint, as this might spread it further or soak it into the carpet. Skip this step if the paint is dry.
  • Mix ¼ tsp. mild liquid dish soap with 1 cup warm water. Mild dish soap does not contain bleach.
  • Blot the soapy solution onto the stain with a clean cloth. Work from the outside of the paint stain toward the inside of the stain. If your Berber carpets are looped, clean in the same direction as the carpet fibers.
  • Mix 1 tbsp. ammonia with another cup of water if the stain is still visible.
  • Blot the ammonia solution onto the stain until you’ve removed it.
  • Blot nail polish remover into the stain if it is still visible and if the paint is oil based. While the above process will work on all types of paint, nail polish remover will not work to remove latex or water-based paint.
  • Press a clean cloth over the formerly stained area until you’ve soaked up all of the cleaning solution.
  • Mist the area with clear water from a spray bottle. This will help rinse out the cleaning solution.
  • Press another clean cloth over the area to soak up the water.

How to Install Berber Carpeting

Loop berber carpet is popular for its earth-tone colors, natural wool look and a rugged surface. The loop texture hides footprints and vacuum marks for a clean look. It is available is subtle patterns that can make installation tricky. Hiding seams is more difficult with berber carpet, so it usually is sold is wider width to help minimize the number of seams.

  • Plan the carpet installation to minimize seams and keep seams in low-traffic areas. Run seams perpendicular to windows so that they are less visible in the natural light.
  • Install the tackless strips near the walls on every side, leaving about a ½ inch gap. Use a strip cutter to trim the strips to size. Keep the strips down with nails, use masonry nails if the subfloor is made of concrete.
  • Lay thin, dense carpet pad under berber to reduce stress on seams and keep them from pulling apart. Leave about ¼ inch between the strips and the carpet pad. Use a stapler on the pad’s seams and to keep the pad attached to the floor.
  • Cut the carpet to size and lay it down. If the berber has a pattern, make sure that the pattern lines up properly between adjacent pieces so seams are not visible. Use wide seaming tape to create strong, tight seams. Refer to related eHow titled “How to Install Carpet.”
  • Use a power stretcher and knee kicker to stretch the berber carpet to fit tightly onto the tackless strips. Check that the pattern still lines up before stretching the adjacent piece of carpet onto the tackless strips.
  • Verify that all seams look tight and flat. Trim off excess carpet along the wall and set edges under the baseboards.

How to Fix Burns in Berber Carpeting

A burn in your Berber carpeting can be disheartening and frustrating — especially if the burn occurs in an area where people will see it easily. Instead of replacing your entire carpet, there are two options for fixing the burn that involve cutting it out. Small and superficial burns will not require extensive fixing, however, large and deep burns may be more challenging to repair.

Superficial, Small Burns

  • Examine the burn to determine the extent of the damage. As long as the burn does not penetrate down to the bottom of the carpeting and the pad, you can superficially fix it.
  • Use the sharp scissors to cut out the burnt fibers, which will be hard and crusty. Use extreme caution as you cut, making sure you do not cut down into the carpet pad. Discard the burnt fibers.
  • Find a different area of the carpet that is out of common sight — inside a closet or under furniture are suitable places. Use the sharp scissors to cut the top fibers from the carpeting in this area. Your goal is to remove approximately the same amount of carpet fibers from this area that you cut out of the first area. Again, do not cut down into the carpet pad.
  • Spread a light area of clear carpet glue onto the burned area and press the harvested carpet fibers down onto the glue. These harvested carpet fibers will fill in the area where you removed the burnt fibers.
  • Allow the glue to dry completely and then trim any fibers that seem bushy and fuzzy so that the glued area is neat and even with the surrounding carpeting.

Larger and Deeper Burns

  • Look carefully at larger burns to determine the extent of the burn. If the burn is very dark and penetrates down through the carpet pad, you must cut the entire burned area out of the carpeting and replace it.
  • Use the x-acto knife to cut around the burn, making the cut approximately 1 to 2 inches outside of the burn. Cut all around the burn, then remove the cutout piece of the carpeting.
  • Take the cutout piece to an inconspicuous area of the same Berber carpeting and place it onto the carpet. Match up the direction of the carpet fibers and the shape of the cutout piece perfectly.
  • Use the x-acto knife to cut out a replacement “plug” from the unmarred Berber carpeting. Cut around the cutout piece exactly so you have two carpet pieces that are identical in size and shape.
  • Spread carpet glue over first hole in the burned area and insert the replacement plug. Make sure you precisely place the replacement plug into the hole and that the direction of the carpet fibers matches perfectly. Press down firmly on the replacement plug so the glue adheres it.
  • Place a heavy book over the glued area and leave the book in place for at least eight hours. Remove the book after the eight hours and fluff up the carpet fibers to hide the repair.

How to Design a Kitchen With No Wall Cabinets

Base cabinets and open shelving can easily take the place of wall cabinets in the kitchen.
A kitchen with no wall cabinets will appear larger and more spacious. By planning alternate storage options, you can still use the kitchen space effectively. This will require using space on the bottom half of the kitchen walls and nearby storage rooms, in most cases. Organizing the kitchen in great detail will help create a good work system for cooking as well. Most families have an overstock of food items or dishes in upper wall cabinets, so trimming back may improve the flow of things. Leaving walls open in upper sections provides opportunities to decorate the kitchen creatively, too.

  • Sketch the kitchen space. Draw counters, windows and door openings. Measure all space on each wall facade carefully. Go over kitchen design books to review ideas for storage alternatives that include shelving and free-standing cabinets.
  • Plan appliances and counter space first. Figure out where the sink, dishwasher, stove and refrigerator will fit. Design a triangle pattern between the sink, stove and refrigerator, so that cooking and cleanup work easily. Add a kitchen island — either stationary or on rollers so it can be moved. Plan to store heavy pots and pans in the bottom of the island cabinet. Create a counter work space of granite tiles or vinyl laminate for mixing and preparing foods.
  • Design unique floor cabinets and storage. Select stainless steel cabinets on rollers to store foods or pans. Buy these cabinets the same height as the counter space, or purchase one large stainless cabinet to fit the corner of a kitchen that reaches from floor to ceiling. Keep in mind that an old antique buffet cabinet from a flea market or mismatched antique cabinets roughly 36 inches high will fit into most kitchens.
  • Create open shelving to store cooking items. Group canisters of flour and other commodities on a series of shelves near the stove. Buy a sleek chrome shelving system at a home improvement store to place large baskets or bins full of cooking utensils and canned goods. Feature unique cooking pots on a shelf about 18 inches from ceiling level near a kitchen eating table. Add a kitchen stool to retrieve these pots for cooking on special occasions.
  • Utilize space for storage near the kitchen. Use a small hallway closet for storing paper items, cereal boxes and kitchen towels, for example. Find space in a laundry room near the kitchen to install a floor-to-ceiling food pantry cabinet. Locate wasted space under a staircase to store large bags of pet food, paper products and dishes used only on holidays. Place casters on wood storage containers to hold these items, so everything is easy to move around.

How to Design a Church Kitchen

When designing a church kitchen it is imperative to understand the specific needs of your congregation and building. Once you begin the process you will quickly find that it becomes as much fun as work. Enjoy the fruits of your labor–straight from the kitchen, that is.

  • Work with what you have. Don’t try to overdo it. If you have limited space, create a step-saver kitchen with all the work areas near one another. If plumbing or electrical issues prevent you from moving the sink or stove, leave them where they are and work around them.
  • Stick to your budget. Focus on the practical instead of the newest fads in kitchen gadgets and materials. Important items include an easy-to-maintain counter surface and durable cabinets and flooring. You don’t need expensive granite counters, especially if they stretch the budget. (There is nothing wrong with going high end, but blowing your budget to do so may be perceived as frivolous by your congregation.)
  • Assess your needs. If you run a soup kitchen, a commercial-grade stove and oven are in order. On the flip side, if the church kitchen is used only for the occasional holiday potluck, a regular stove will suffice. If the kitchen is the hub of church life, a breakfast style bar and extra seating are needed. Consider a freezer-free refrigerator that will provide more room for refreshments.
  • Pay attention to detail. The layout of your kitchen is very important. If your kitchen is often used for public gatherings or just a place to congregate, make sure the layout is conducive to movement. An open kitchen with a center island and bar makes it easy for church members to move in and out with ease. A closed kitchen with cooks only in mind should have entrance doors with windows to minimize injuries or spills as people carry hot dishes in and out of the kitchen.
  • Use skilled volunteers and laborers. The kitchen is not the place for Children’s Church kids to hone their newly acquired skills with a hammer. Because of fire codes and permit laws you need a skilled team to help with the design. Use only a licensed electrician to work with wires, hookups and electricity. The same goes for your plumber-a licensed and bonded plumber could save you money and headaches down the road.

How to Avoid Paying Sales Tax On Expensive Items Like Diamonds and Jewelry

Diamonds and high-end jewelry can carry steep price tags, and the addition of sales tax can increase the final cost by thousands of dollars. For example, as of 2015 California had the highest state tax rate in the country at 7.5 percent. The addition of local taxes, such as the 1.5 percent charged in Los Angeles County, brings the total sales tax for purchases in that county to 9 percent. This adds $4,500 in sales taxes to a $50,000 purchase of diamonds or jewelry. Consumers have three options to avoid paying sales tax when buying expensive items like diamonds and jewelry.

States Without Sales Taxes

Sales taxes are charged in 45 states as well as Washington DC. Five states — Alaska, Delaware, Montana, New Hampshire, and Oregon — do not have a state sales tax. Of these five states, Alaska and Montana allow local taxes to be charged under certain conditions. Even if you don’t live in one of the states that doesn’t charge sales taxes, if the size of the purchase of diamonds or jewelry is large enough, you still may end up saving money after paying for travel and lodging.

Buy Online

According to Robert Wood, a tax attorney with Wood LLP, online purchases are not charged a sales tax if the items are shipped to a state where the online merchant does not have a physical presence. For this reason, shopping at smaller e-commerce sites that have a limited number of physical locations can be advantageous as compared to a large retailer like Amazon. For example, as of 2015, Amazon charges sales tax to customers living in 23 states. Purchases of diamonds and jewelry from Blue Nile, on the other hand, are charged sales tax in only two states.

Ship the Item

Purchasing items from a store and then shipping them to avoid the sales tax works in much the same manner as an online purchase. If the store from which you are making a purchase does not have a physical location in the state where the items will be shipped, the merchant will not charge sales tax. Also similar to online purchases, a large retailer is more likely to charge sales tax on shipped items than a small boutique. For example, Zales Jewelers has stores in every state in the country and will charge applicable sales taxes on all shipments, with the exception of the 5 states that don’t have a sales tax. A single boutique would only charge sales tax on shipments within the state where it is located.

Ideas for a Consignment Store

Consignment shops offer pre-owned items at affordable prices.

Consignment shops offer consumers a variety of quality pre-owned items at discounted rates. Consumers supply consignment shops with items that they don’t want anymore, and the consignment shops then work to sell the products. Consignment shop owners share the profit with the original owner once a product is sold. According to, the resale industry is on the rise, with more than 15,000 shops in the United States.

Children’s Items

  • Parents are often in search of deals on children’s apparel and toys, as well as creative, easy ways to get rid of items that their own children have outgrown. A children’s consignment shop can fulfill both needs by offering a variety of toys, clothing and accessories for children of all ages. Set up an area in the store where children can play while their parents consign their items or make purchases.


  • Position your store to target individuals who may only be looking to purchase accessories through consignment. Focus on consigning accessories, rather than apparel, by offering items such as jewelry, hats, scarves, purses and shoes. Promote a consignment shop for accessories by offering clients a chance to host accessory parties at your store location. Host trunk shows to help promote the products that you have on consignment.

Books and Literature

  • Give avid readers and book collectors a place to shop and consign books. Offer a variety of genres to ensure that you reach a wide range of potential clients. Host monthly book clubs, invite authors in for book readings and signings and set up an area where customers can read books and enjoy coffee or tea after making a purchase.

Home Decor

  • From vases and pillows to throw rugs and candle holders, home decor consignment shops carry a wide range of items that consumers can use to decorate their homes. Offering everything from vintage wares to modern pieces, a home decor consignment shop can attract the attention of a diverse clientele.

Maternity Clothing

  • Mothers-to-be shop for affordable, comfortable, stylish fashions to wear during their pregnancy months. A consignment shop devoted to selling maternity clothing could cater to this market by offering casual, career and evening apparel. Host events for moms-to-be on baby-related topics including making baby food at home, the importance of being ready to have a baby and decorating a nursery.

How to Obtain a Real Estate License in Wisconsin

Purchasing a new home or parcel of real estate involves complex transactions and careful considerations. Real estate salespersons and brokers help make the process less complicated and easier to understand. In Wisconsin, real estate agents and brokers must be licensed through the Department or Regulation and Licensing. The process involves learning about the nuances and intricacies of real estate transactions, passing an examination and paying a licensing fee.

  • Determine which type of real estate license you wish to pursue. Wisconsin offers licenses for brokers and salespersons. A broker may manage his or her own business. A salesperson must work with a licensed broker. Brokers must undergo additional training than that required of a salesperson.
  • Meet the education requirements set forth by the Wisconsin Department of Regulation and Licensing (WDRL). Specifically, you must complete one of the following: a 72-hour salesperson course from an approved educational program, 10 semester hours from an accredited college or university in courses that specialize in real estate or real estate law, or belong to the Wisconsin State Bar.
  • Complete the educational requirements necessary for a broker if you intend to be a broker. In addition to the basic education requirements, you must complete either a 36-hour broker course from an approved education program or an additional 10 semester hours from an accredited college or university in courses that specialize in real estate or real estate law. If you belong to the Wisconsin State Bar, you need not meet this additional requirement.
  • Pass the Wisconsin real estate examination. Sales persons need only pass the examination designated for a real estate license in sales. Brokers must pass both the sales examination and the broker’s examination. Sign up for an examination by contacting PearsonVue.
  • Fill out the “Application for New Salesperson or Broker License” form. Include the license fee ($75 as of 2010 for an initial license). Obtain the form from the WDRL website. Additionally, sales persons must also be employed by a licensed broker in order to become licensed. If the sales person fills out the application before becoming employed, the sales person must file a “Notice of Real Estate Employment Form” when he or she becomes employed by a broker.

How to Design a Luxury Home

Designing a luxury home requires a team of skilled professionals.

Building a home is a monumental undertaking no matter what your budget, but the design of a luxury home is particularly daunting. Larger budgets mean more options, and more custom features tend to add more subcontractors to the mix. The key to achieving a high-quality end result that appeals to your design aesthetic is to assemble a skilled team of professionals who can help you make well-informed decisions along the way.

  • Collect photographs of design features that are important to you. As you explore your options, consider the activities that give you the greatest satisfaction. Whether you envision casual family gatherings around the infinity pool or an ultra-modern chef’s kitchen, these preferences will guide your discussions with your future design team. Don’t forget to consider the needs of extended family who may spend considerable time in your new home–including in-laws, beloved friends or the live-in nanny.
    When designing a home, consider how room layouts will accommodate your lifestyle.
    When designing a home, consider how room layouts will accommodate your lifestyle.
  • Consult your local home builder’s association to find a local builder who builds custom luxury homes. An experienced builder can guide you in choosing an architect, locating a building site and finding innovative products that will help set your home apart from the crowd. Tour open houses and talk to homeowners whose properties you admire to learn whether they were happy with their builder’s work.
    Explore open houses at local communities to see a builder's work.
    Explore open houses at local communities to see a builder’s work.
  • Contact your local chapter of the American Institute of Architects for a referral list of architectural firms that specialize in luxury home designs. Your architect can steer you toward building sites that will be well suited to the type of construction you prefer. Keep in mind that you may not find your dream home in a firm’s portfolio because, as Jackson Hole architect Larry Berlin says, “it hasn’t been designed yet.”
    A skilled architect drafts plans and offers guidance for building site selection.
    A skilled architect drafts plans and offers guidance for building site selection.
  • Tour potential building sites that offer the type of landscape that appeals to you. If you are considering building within a gated community or country club, you may be able to obtain a community site plan to pinpoint lots that best meet your preferences. Keep in mind that such communities may require your architect to submit your proposed plans to a review committee to approve such features as roofing materials, exterior paint colors, privacy fences, garage orientation and driveway surfacing.
    Choose a building site that embraces your design theme.
    Choose a building site that embraces your design theme.
  • Meet with your architect for a comprehensive discussion of design details–that clip file will come in handy now. After this meeting, your architect will typically require several weeks to draft a rough plan and you will probably need several more meetings to refine the plan. Throughout the process, remember that square footage does not necessarily dictate the construction budget–a large open space may cost less to build than a smaller space containing exotic hardwood floors, irregularly sized windows or extensive masonry work.
    Work with an architect who can interpret the building site and fit the house within it.
    Work with an architect who can interpret the building site and fit the house within it.
  • Consult a landscape architect before construction begins. Even if you enjoy doing your own gardening, a professional landscape designer can assist you with site planning and choosing native plant species that will complement the design of your home. Such experts can offer you ideas for water features, exterior lighting, pools and decking surfaces that you will want to explore with your architect.
    A landscape architect will help you make the most of your outdoor living spaces.
    A landscape architect will help you make the most of your outdoor living spaces.
  • Meet with an interior designer to discuss how you will furnish your home. By looking at fabric samples, window treatments and must-have decorative items, you will build a vision of your finished abode. With these ideas in mind, you can work with the rest of your design team to choose wood finishes, flooring materials and tile work to establish a cohesive style for each room.
    An interior designer can help you visualize rooms before they are built.
    An interior designer can help you visualize rooms before they are built.

How to Design a Luxury Home Elevation

Luxury desert home

Luxury homes are targeted at consumers at the highest socio-economic levels. A luxury home elevation should make an appealing visual statement and accurately convey the style of the home. To achieve this, careful attention is paid to every detail of the design; a great deal of effort and research are used bring a sense of balance and beauty to the finished home elevation.

  • Tape the floor plan to your board such that the front walls of the home are parallel with your straight edge, starting with the front of the home floor plan.
  • Cover your floor plan with the tissue paper and tape your tissue down.
  • Draw a ground elevation line near the bottom of your tissue paper. If your home is on a basement or crawl space or otherwise elevated above ground level, then measure that distance of above ground and draw a horizontal line.
  • Use your triangle and lightly draw each outside corner on the elevation. Each house has a core grouping of rooms that form roof fascia heights. Lightly draw those first. Repeat these steps on each elevation and side of the floor plan until you have a rough idea of the home’s mass.
  • Layout your floor plan, cover it with tissue and plot your roof plan. You may need to work back and forth between the elevations and the roof as you work out roof lines, roof pitch, ceiling height and fascia heights. When you have solved your roof plan, you will have a rough front elevation.
  • Select the style of home you are designing and have samples of that style’s features available for reference. Designing an elevation begins once the structure of the house is solved. With the raw bones of the house drawn, the exterior style and design are applied.
  • Develop your design by solving elevation problems through selecting solutions typical of the proposed home style. A well-designed luxury home emerges from an in-depth understanding of the style being executed. Select appropriately sized and styled windows, doors, trims, lamps, exterior surfaces, roofing types and design motifs. Each part of the design should be balanced and work with all other parts.
  • Develop your side and rear elevations after you have solved your front elevation. The choices you make on your front elevation will inform every other surface and choice for consistency and style integrity. Luxury homes are defined by their details and good bones or good underlying balanced architectural design.

How to Become a Luxury Realtor

Luxury Realtors are real estate agents who sell multimillion-dollar properties, as well as those who focus on the second home, or vacation property, market. While these types of Realtors must have the same licenses and certifications as other real estate agents, they often have different marketing strategies and work with more high-maintenance clients. If you already are in the real estate business and want to pursue the luxury market, there are many things you can do to break into the career and start earning high-dollar commissions.

  • Obtain your state-issue real estate license if you don’t already have it. This process typically includes taking mandated coursework, as well as passing an examination if you’re trying to get a broker’s license.
  • Research the luxury lifestyle. To impress future luxury buyers, you’ll need to know the differences between mainstream and luxury brands. For example, you need to know about top-of-the-line light fixture manufacturers, the best plumbing fixtures, the most expensive appliances and world-class building materials, such as slate flooring.
  • Make connections with local interior designers, landscape company owners and builders that already cater to luxury clientele. They’ll want referrals from you, and you’ll need their connections to prove to your clients you have ties to the best in the business.
  • Assess your own appearance. You’ll need to exude the luxury lifestyle if you want your clients to take you seriously. This means you need an expensive, high-quality wardrobe, the right jewelry, the right hairstyle and a luxury vehicle.
  • Join elite clubs in your area, such as polo clubs or country clubs. This will allow you to mingle with future clients, as well as become a part of their social scene. If you can’t afford a membership, look for volunteer opportunities to get you in the door.
  • Choose a luxury niche and target market. Research the past few years’ sales to assess the current market. Plan to target a specific area of town or ZIP code, as well as the type of dwelling. For example, you might focus on lakefront homes or target high-rise condos.
  • Apply at an already-established luxury real estate agency in your chosen niche. This will help you enter the luxury-market scene and make a name for yourself. After you become successful and have loyal customers, you can branch out on your own.

Bedroom Styles of the 1930s

Art deco makes use of earthtones and crisp lines.

Bedrooms of the 1930s often had a classy earthy tone and were notable for their geometric designs and simple aesthetic. The prevalence of a simple aesthetic in the 1930’s was due to both period art influences and to economic factors like improved large-scale production of household goods such as furniture. For some, design sensibilities were not a priority because, the 1930s, often referred to as the Dirty 30s, were a time of financial upheaval and personal hardship. For those displaced by the events of the 1930s, any bedroom they were lucky enough to have would likely have a spartan decor rather than any specific style.

1930s Era Bedroom Color Schemes

  • In the homes of middle and upper class citizens, somber colors were the look of the era. Earthtones, such as coffee browns and cool creams, dominated much of the design aesthetic with flashes of color reserved for smaller intricate items with the overall intent being to draw the viewer’s eye. The 1930s bedroom color schemes made significant use of light and shadow to give added depth of character. By the 1930s, electric home features, such as lighting fixtures, became widely available to the middle classes, and their design became refined to the point where lighting was more readily integrated into home decor. The overall effect was a dark and moody but cozy look. Bedspreads and upholstery generally matched the somber color schemes of the other aspects of the room, although deep, rich reds were also favorite choices for fabric in the era.

Synthetic Decor in the 1930s

  • Furniture of the 1930s was still largely composed of quality hardwoods as well as spring and cotton stuffed upholstery. In a bedroom setting, this would generally mean hardwood constructed bed frames and side tables, dressers and makeup stands — all in deep rich hues. Synthetic fibers, such as plastic derivatives, were becoming more and more commonplace by the 1930s. Specific products, such as polystyrene and acrylic resin, had just hit the market, meaning that some plastic objects which would in modern design be considered rather gaudy, such as acrylic lamps, might then have been status items or otherwise considered quality furniture. Polyethylene, one of the more durable and most common modern classic materials, was not yet invented; so when designing a period specific 1930s bedroom, take into account which synthetic materials existed at the time.

Art Deco: An Evolution of Art Nouveau and English Design Sensibility

  • Art Deco evolved from two separate schools of influence. The first is the Victorian stylings of the English, and the second was the Art Nouveau movement that originated in France. The Victorian style, when deconstructed to its simplest aspects, chiefly values a balance of comfort and ornate craftsmanship. By contrast, the Art Nouveau furniture introduced by the French was highly ornate, sometimes to a level of impracticality, although it also demonstrated a high degree of sculpture-like craftsmanship in woodcarving, such as the common leaf designs of the style. Art Deco, by contrast, removed many of the frivolous, ornate aspects from both older styles while keeping the clean shapes and the comfortable practicality. In part, the demand for decorative and artistic furniture was driven by a strong American middle class in 1925 when the Art Deco style was formally announced by the French Exposition Internationale; these consumers sought to emulate the more expensive furniture available to the wealthy. While the design sensibility originated as a mimicry of other styles, it eventually evolved into a more widespread and distinctive style.

Industrial Drives Behind Art Deco

  • As much as the furniture and design industries in the 1930s tried to popularize the image of Art Deco, it was fundamentally a style based upon convenient mass production. The simplistic mass production processes of the time made highly ornate work an extremely expensive proposition; therefore, an aesthetic of simplicity was not only a matter of style but a matter of cost consideration and good business practice. For instance, it takes far longer to carve a single ornate sofa than it does to simply saw and sand it for a clean, geometric look. The same design consideration applied to much of the interior design and furniture industry at the time, which gave rise to a host of simple, clean lined and practical items found in the 1930s bedroom.

How to Create a Masculine Bedroom

Create a Masculine Bedroom

Masculine style is restrained, distinguished and bold. A bedroom reflective of male sensibilities can be as inviting as any frilly fortress designed by the most indulgent of interior designers. Create a clean, modern and masculine bedroom by following the guidelines below.

  • Survey the situation. Study your bedroom and take notice of the size, lines and angles of the space. Also consider your existing furnishings and bedroom accessories as you work toward a masculine feel. You may decide to overhaul the existing look altogether or work off of the current style.
  • Measure the space. Floor, wall and window dimensions should be understood before you start buying items for the room to ensure the items are a good fit.
  • Decide on a color palette. Go neutral with white, tan or beige walls. For a more bold statement, paint walls blue, brown or another deep shade. Take into consideration the size of your bedroom when choosing a wall color. Darker colors will close up the space while lighter colors open up the room. Compromise by painting one wall a dark shade and keeping the others white.
  • Select your bedding. Use nature as inspiration when deciding on colors and patterns. Consider a solid colored duvet and matching pillow cases. Don’t overdress the bed with decorative shams and throw pillows. Keep it clean and simple. Stripes and plaids in dark colors are masculine in nature. For a stronger composition, pair stripes with plaids or simply add patterned pillowcases with a monochromatic comforter.
  • Dress the windows. Cover windows with simple panels in a heavy material. Avoid sheers or light fabrics and select a contrast color that works with the existing color palette. Window treatments are a good way to incorporate bold colors without overwhelming the room.
  • Work in the details. A mahogany bowl holds car keys and loose change while at the same time functions as an eye-catching display piece. Select decorative items constructed from dark wood or metal. Situate an Art Deco style lamp next to your bed. Be conservative in your use of decorative pieces and select rugged yet refined items to add a sense of character.

How to Choose Bedroom Furniture

Choose furniture to suit your taste.

Style and fit are key to choosing new bedroom furniture, and neither means you have to spend a lot of money. The size of your room will necessarily dictate the size of your bed and other furniture items, but you’ll want to get something that you love to wake up to. Take the time to comparison shop before you commit to new bedroom furniture. Good furniture will last many years.

  • Consider what you’ll be using your bedroom for. If you typically watch television before bed, you’ll want an entertainment stand. If you read, you may want a bookshelf. If your room is small, you might want as little furniture as possible, leaving only a bed, night stand and optional clothing dresser.
  • List the colors of your room, wood paneling (if any) and existing furniture. Unless you’re replacing all your bedroom furniture, you won’t want to pair a white dresser with cherry wood headboard. Then list all of the items you’re considering.
  • Think about your personal style. Bedroom furniture can be sleek and modern or garden cottage style. While you can accessorize your bed with sheets, you’ll also want to get furniture that matches your personal style.
  • Set aside a maximum amount of money you can spend on new bedroom furniture before you start shopping to avoid overspending.
  • Measure your bedroom’s length and width with a measuring tape. You’ll want to make sure your furniture can fit.
  • Browse online retailers to get an idea of the styles and prices to expect in bedroom furniture. Note the names of designers and styles you enjoy, plus the prices.
  • Visit local furniture stores to see bedroom furniture in person. If you’re interested in a particular style but not sure it’s right for you, getting a look for yourself can help you decide. Ask about the prices, delivery and installation of any piece you like so you’re not surprised if you later have to set up a piece of furniture yourself. Most furniture stores deliver for a fee.
  • Shop comparatively by visiting several retail stores and checking many online retailers. Also determine whether pieces you like come in other finishes than the one displayed (many do).
  • Purchase furniture when you’ve found pieces you like in a budget you can afford. Buy either online or from a local store, making sure you arrange delivery or setup, if necessary.

Modern Study Room Design Ideas

Use shapes, colors and space accordingly to create a modern study room.

The phrase, “modern design” conjures images of an austere, sleek interior with limited colors. David Raizman, author of “History of Modern Design,” explains that this design aesthetic originated from the change in production methods during the early 19th century. Mass production meant a reduction in one-of-a-kind, creative furniture pieces. Instead, manufacturers determined style in a “one-style-fits-all” method, resulting in the emergence of simple, streamlined furniture. Creating a study room in this style is possible with some simple guidelines.

Color Scheme

  • Many modern study rooms stick with extremely basic colors, such as white, black and gray. However, if such sterility is not your preference when creating a modern room, choose two or three accent colors that complement each other. Examples include red, orange and black or yellow, purple and brown.

    Limit exposure to alternative colors or try to work with them. For example, a modern study room in red and gray is more difficult to pull off if the view from the study is a lush forest. In that case, switch to a green and brown color scheme. Look for and remove objects that provide an unwanted cluster of color, like a stack of books or file folders, by placing them in an enclosed space like a cabinet.


  • Most modern rooms rely on color and shapes and use very few patterns. But you can introduce patterns through throw pillows, rugs, wallpaper and modern art. Keep the color of patterned pieces consistent with the designated basic color scheme. To keep the design simple and clean, choose only one pattern style or print. For example, do not mix stripes or polka dots with toile: Otherwise, the study room will lose it’s modern aesthetic.


  • While Victorian design showcases curvaceous furniture, modern furniture is geometric and generally free from ornamentation. Modern couches, desks, file cabinets and wall units, for example, are often cubic or rectangular. You may, however, see a plastic desk chair with a curvy back or egg-shaped design.

    Select the wall unit, desk, couch and cabinet in the most neutral color in your designated color palette (i.e., white, black or brown). Keep pieces simple and upholstered pieces low to the ground. Avoid loud furniture pieces that have patterns or are bright in color. Though modern furniture pieces might seem safe or boring, other aspects of the design can add vibrancy and character to the room.


  • One of the most essential aspects of modern design is its austerity. Do not clutter the room with unnecessary furniture or accessories. The eye should focus on key points of the room, like a unique light fixture or textured wallpaper, not a cork bulletin board loaded with memos. Keep the desk space tidy: If you are not a naturally organized or clean person, reconsider your choice of aesthetic. The room should show plenty of floor and wall space.


  • Modern spaces have much cleaner, crisper lighting than traditional old world studies basked in a golden hue. Choose white light bulbs and opt for large windows that provide natural sunlight. Avoid opulent, heavy lamps in dark wood and goldtones and instead look for light fixtures with clean lines in basic colors of black, steel gray or white. If your budget allows it, choose a modern light fixture that plays with shape: For example, look for a chandelier consisting of a cluster of light bulbs or monochromatic teardrop light fixtures.

How to Fix Snags in Berber Carpet

Do you have a running snag (a long, loose but not broken thread) in your Berber carpet?
These ugly consequences of wear and tear can really bring down the whole look of your home. Pets can also cause snags.
But all hope is not lost; here’s how to fix it:

Carpet Snags Look Ugly

  • Count the number of loops it will take to fill the run on both sides of
    the pulled strand. This is very important because if you under count you may ruin your Berber carpet. If you over count you may have to do this again. Double check, once you’ve counted the loops once.
  • Count the curls in the yarn and cut it where it’ll provide the right
    amount of yarn for both sides of the run. The curls can run pretty tightly, again count carefully.
  • Protect the surrounding area of carpet with masking tape. Make a tight seal.
  • Squeeze a heavy bead of carpet seam adhesive into the run. You can find these at Lowes or Home Depot in the United States. Any carpet store will have this.
  • Use a nail punch to press each ‘scab’ (spot where the original adhesive clings to the yarn) down into the carpet’s backing until the re-established loop is at the correct height.

    Follow the illustration carefully.

    Try not to make a lot of mistakes or your Berber carpet will not look right and you will need to hire a professional.

    Don’t worry though, if you take you time and do this slowly it will be worth it and your Berber carpet will look like new again.

    Do As Shown!

How to Shampoo Berber Carpet

From time to time, it may be necessary to shampoo your carpets. Even when you have carpets treated with stain resistant chemicals, they can become stained over time, or even develop an odor. Fortunately, your berber carpet can be cleaned periodically with a steam cleaner, but it does retain water more than some other types of carpet fiber, and the tight loops of berber can become damaged if the carpet is not cleaned with proper care.

Berber carpet has tighter loops so it is important to use the proper height setting on a steam cleaner.

  • Vacuum the berber carpet you are cleaning before you use the carpet cleaning machine. This will extract loose dirt, hair and debris, so you don’t clog the machine.
  • Pre-treat any stains on your berber carpet with a carpet stain pre-treatment. Use your nylon bristle scrub brush to gently agitate the stained areas. This will ensure that the pre-treatment gets down into the carpet fibers where it needs to be in order to work on the stain.
  • Allow the pre-treatment to sit on the berber for about 15 to 20 minutes before you use your carpet cleaning machine.
  • Set your carpet cleaning machine to the appropriate setting for a low pile floor. Fill the water tank with hot water and the recommended amount of cleaning solution. It is important to follow the instructions on your carpet cleaning machine to the letter, otherwise you may end up breaking the machine or damaging your carpet.
  • Turn your machine on, and clean your carpet in rows. Work at a slow, steady pace. Do not repeat any sections when cleaning berber because it will become too damp and may not dry properly. Empty and refill the tanks for your cleaner as necessary.
  • Allow your carpet to air dry. Open windows and use a fan to increase the circulation and airflow in the room. When the carpet is completely dry, you can repeat the cleaning process on any areas of your berber carpet that are still stained.

Welfare Help for Renting an Apartment

Americans who need help to pay monthly rent can receive assistance through federally funded programs. The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development sponsors the majority of housing programs in the U.S. and administers benefits nationwide through local public housing agencies. While the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development programs serve as the foundation for housing assistance in urban areas, rural residents may qualify for rent assistance programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program

  • HUD’s Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program provides assistance for families and individuals who are currently homeless or face the risk of homelessness. HPRP benefits can include case management, utility assistance, rent assistance and money to pay for security deposits. HUD makes HPRP funds available to states, counties and cities, which administer benefits at a local level. According to HUD, the HPRP received $1.5 billion in 2009, with more than $820 million allocated for utility and rent assistance.

Housing Choice Voucher Program

  • HUD extends eligibility for the Housing Choice Voucher program to senior citizens, people with disabilities and low-income families. HCV participants can choose homes from the private rental housing market and receive a subsidy to help pay rent each month. The HCV program requires recipients to pay part of their rent, typically approximately 30 percent of their income, and the voucher pays the difference to the landlord. HUD operates the HCV program through local public housing agencies nationwide, which determine applicant eligibility and administer benefits. Approximately 2 million low-income American families receive HCV assistance, according to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities estimates.

Family Unification Program

  • HUD’s Family Unification Program provides a rent subsidy to families faced with losing custody of children due to inadequate housing. The FUP also offers up to 18 months of assistance for certain youth who have left the foster care system and need adequate housing. The FUP provides participants HCV rent subsidies, which they can use to rent housing from the private market. HUD administers the FUP through certain local public housing agencies, but the program is not offered in all areas of the United States.

Public Housing Program

  • The HUD Public Housing Program provides affordable housing for the disabled, elderly and low-income families. PHP housing comes in different types and styles, depending on location, which may include apartment units or single-family homes. Local public housing agencies determine applicant eligibility and manage public housing units. PHP participants typically pay approximately 30 percent of their incomes for rent. PHP tenants can typically live in public housing as long as they remain eligible and comply with lease terms. HUD estimated more than 3,000 public housing agencies participated in the PHP, providing homes for over 1 million American households.

Section 515 Housing

  • The Rural Housing Service division of the USDA administers the Section 515 housing program. Section 515 provides loans to individuals, organizations and Indian tribes, which recipients can use to provide affordable rural housing for the disabled, elderly and low- to moderate-income families. Section 515 tenants who lack the funds to pay basic rent may qualify for the USDA’s Rural Rental Assistance program. The RRA program provides rent subsidies and typically requires participants to pay 30 percent of their income for rent.

How to Design Commercial Kitchens

Design Commercial KitchensIn many older restaurants the kitchen is small and cramped. Institutions, large-scale caterers and newly built restaurants take the importance of a functional kitchen into account. The staff must be able to move freely and have implements within reach. Food must be stored properly and the right tools must be at hand. A poorly designed kitchen cuts into the bottom line of a restaurant and increases employee turnover.

  • Lay comfortable flooring for kitchen staff who stand for long periods. Make sure it’s washable and can be sanitized. Use wall coverings like enamel paint that can be washed.
  • Choose overhead lighting that will illuminate all parts of the room, including walk-in coolers and freezers. Install hood fans over the stoves and fryers and invest in a system that will ventilate the entire room.
  • Place fire extinguishers within easy reach of each work station and install a sprinkler system.
  • Put in walk-in freezers and coolers in a large-scale commercial kitchen. Smaller kitchens might not need very large coolers. A walk-in cooler is a must for kitchens that serve many meals a day and need to keep food fresh. Build a large pantry for dry goods.
  • Install prep sinks, pot-washing sinks and commercial dishwashers. Keep the wash areas separate from the food-preparation areas.
  • Make sure there are at least three cooking stations. Commercial kitchens need a flat-top, deep fryers and gas-fired stoves at a minimum. Convection ovens, rotisseries and microwaves are necessary in some kitchens. Install a wood-burning stove that can reach very high temperatures in a pizza restaurant.
  • Place stainless steel counters far enough apart so that kitchen staff can comfortably do food preparation without getting in each other’s way. Leave open shelving under the counters for pot storage.
  • Outfit the kitchen with small appliances, pots and pans, knives and kitchen utensils. Build open shelves for serving plates and bowls.
  • Add a locker room near the kitchen for staff to change in and for storage of dirty towels and aprons that will go to the laundry. Build a closet for clean linens.

How to Master Real Estate Math

If you are studying to be a real estate agent, you have had to learn basic real estate law, the ins and outs of mortgages and liens, zoning regulations, sales techniques, public relations, advertising and a whole new vocabulary to cover these areas. Compared to that, mastering real estate math will be a breeze. You’ll need to brush up on some of the basic math operations you learned in school and apply them to real estate situations.

  • Memorize the basic terms and formulas to determine the size of a property. You’ll need to know that area is the length times the width of a room or property and that it is expressed in square units (such as square feet or acres). Frontage is the distance the property has along the road or street. Memorize basic equivalencies, such as an acre is 43,560 square feet and 1 yard is 3 feet. Be sure you understand why a square yard is 9 square feet.
  • Learn to apply the basic formula for interest calculations. All mortgage loans charge interest, and you will need to have a thorough understanding of the math involved. The amount of interest charged is determined by how much money was borrowed, the rate at which it was borrowed and the term (length of time) of the loan. As a formula: I=PRT.
  • Practice working with percentages and decimals. You will need to be able to calculate using percentages to determine commissions, pro-rations, taxes and interest. Percentages are simply parts per hundred. Eight percent is eight parts per hundred. As a decimal, it would be .08. So in a math calculation involving interest using the formula above, if the rate charge on the loan was 8 percent, the principal would be multiplied by .08 to determine the interest for 1 year. Similarly, if an agent is going to earn a 3 percent commission on the sale of a $150,000 home, the commission would be $150,000 times .03, or $4,500. Often costs have to prorated between buyer and seller at closing. If the seller pre-paid his condo fee for the year and is selling after 3 months, then he is due a 75 percent refund (9/12) of the annual fee. This can be calculated by multiply the fee by .75. Taxes can be determined in the same way. If there is a 1 percent real estate transfer tax, it can be calculated by multiplying the sales price by .01.
  • Use logic and careful step-by-step methods to solve more complicated real estate problems, such as those involving appraisals and depreciations. The math in these problems employs basic multiplication, fractions, decimals and percentages. You just need to break the problems down and solve them one step at a time.

How to Sell Million Dollar Homes

As the economy improves, so do luxury home sales, explain financial analysts, such as Bloomberg.

Just as you won’t find a new Porsche for sale on a used-car lot, you won’t often find million-dollar or multi-million-dollar homes advertised alongside the “regular” listings. In many areas, homes in the quarter-million-dollar range, or those around the median price range in accordance to the 2014 home-sales census by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, greatly outnumber homes in the million-dollar-and-up price range. Real estate agents often take different approaches to drumming up interest in high-priced listings. Glean some selling strategies from their know-how.

Leaving Town

  • Forget about only listing your million-dollar home locally; few people can afford such luxuries. Agents advertise the best homes globally or at least across the country to reach the masses, explains Forbes magazine. You can use free online classified-ad websites, such as Kijiji or Craigslist, but your chances of catching the wealthy folks’ eyes improve by advertising in their favorite magazines or newspapers, such as the Globe. Doing some of your own advertising, even if you have a real estate agent, can help speed up or initiate an otherwise tough sell. Ask if your agent lists prestigious homes like yours in high-end real estate publications, such as Luxury Home Magazine, for exposure that’s aimed at the right prospective buyers.

Blogging Rights

  • Almost every homebuyer starts the search online, explains the Zillow website. Even many extraordinarily wealthy people who may be in the market for investment property, a summer or winter home, or a primary residence likely turn to the Internet initially. Create a website or blog dedicated to your home; you have plenty of website builders, such as WordPress or Weebly, to walk you through the process, if this sort of task intimidates you. Brag about your home’s immense size, striking architecture, and colossal pool, for example. Play up the location and amenities — but do so tactfully. If you’re not confident in your writing abilities, seek the help of a real estate copywriter; the more astute your advertisement sounds, the more astute the buyer you’ll attract. Upload plenty of top-quality photos and even a virtual tour to back up your claims. Provide links to your agent’s listing or website, if applicable, so that interested parties can easily arrange a viewing or obtain more information.

Make a Suggestion

  • Expensive homes can take longer to sell than average-priced homes because of a lack of qualified buyers. Some million-dollar homes simply don’t sell, regardless of high-quality home staging efforts, because — as hard as it may be to face — they are unattractive, are in an unfavorable location, or are just too unusual. If you’re not willing to lower the price to a point that’s affordable to more buyers, don’t become frustrated; be resourceful. Suggest in your ads or blog that the home could become something profitable, recommends the National Association of Realtors. A dark, stone-constructed Gothic home might suit life as a spa, or a massive log home, deep in the woods, might become a bed-and-breakfast, as long as zoning allows.

Going Pro

  • When you’re planning to hand your upscale home over to a real estate agent to market, look for someone with experience in selling such properties. Examine the real estate advertisements in your area to find out who lists many big-ticket properties. If your home has knock-out luxuries such as an indoor squash court, or has neighbors who include big-name actors, for example, consider hiring an agency such as Sotheby’s International Realty, which specializes in selling topnotch homes worldwide.

How to Design a Kitchen Floor Plan for Free Online

If you are looking to design a kitchen floor plan for free, you need this advice! While some kitchens are more complicated than others, these are the basic steps for remodeling your kitchen or designing a new kitchen.

  • The very first things you are going to need to do to design your kitchen floor plan is a tape measure, pencil and graph paper.
  • Take careful measurements of your kitchen. Be sure when measuring your kitchen that you measure from kitchen wall to kitchen wall, not from the kitchen cabinets.

    Mark all of your wall measurements on your graph paper to make your kitchen floor plan. Be sure that each square on your graph paper represents one foot or 6 inches so that your floor plan is a good representation of what your kitchen looks like. It is important to not only draw the line but to mark the exact measurements above the line.

    Next you will need to take careful measurements of your doors and windows and draw them on your graph paper kitchen layout.

    If there are any other structures in the kitchen that should be noted, be sure to do so. For example, if your chimney runs through your kitchen, be sure to mark that.

    Now it is a good time to measure from floor to ceiling and mark that in your sidelines.

  • After you have taken all your measurements of your kitchen it is time to start designing your layout of your kitchen using a floor plan you will build on line
  • Your kitchen design is on its way! On these websites you will be able to insert kitchen appliances and kitchen cabinets into your floor plan that you designed!
  • If you haven’t yet started researching your kitchen appliances, now is the time to do so, so that you have all the measurements you need to design your beautiful new kitchen!

How to Update a Bedroom on a Budget

Update a Bedroom on a Budget
When money is tight, it is difficult to justify spending it on things that would make your home more beautiful. Your home, however, should be a sanctuary–a place where you can go to escape the stresses of the world. Your bedroom, especially, should be a restful retreat. You deserve to be able to decorate your bedroom just the way you like it, and there are ways you can do it without breaking the bank. Read on to find out how to create a new look without spending too much money.

  • Paint it. Paint should be your best friend when you are on a tight budget. Paint the walls of your room a cool or warm gray-based color. Gray is quite popular and will instantly update your bedroom. Use spray paint to update old furniture or accessories. For example, you can purchase an old glass vase at a thrift store for pennies, then cover it with silver spray paint for a modern, sleek new accessory.
  • Change up your bed linens. Linens can be expensive if you don’t shop carefully, so wait for your local department store to have a “white sale,” then head straight for the clearance bins. Also, consider using a blanket as a bedspread. It is a lot cheaper and comes in a wide variety of styles. Or, for a simple, clean look, dress your bed in sheets only, with a throw across the bottom. Add some throw pillows for a cozy, comfortable feel.
  • Frame it up. Frames can add a wonderful architectural detail to walls. Visit your local thrift store and purchase interesting frames. Do not worry about the color, or the pictures inside of them. Throw away the pictures and haul out your trusty can of spray paint. Paint the frames the same color for a uniform look and hang them on your wall. If you don’t like the more modern look of empty frames, you can consider stenciling a letter or design directly onto the wall inside the frame.
  • Get rid of clutter. This free step may seem simple, but is still hard for many people to do. Put those knick-knacks away, and consider banishing the television to another room. Modern bedrooms feature simple, clean lines and inspire silent rest–something a blaring television will definitely interfere with.
  • Add a rug. A rug is relatively inexpensive, and adding a throw rug to your bedroom can really change up the look and feel of it. Add one with a bold, modern print under your bed for an eye-catching statement, or place a smaller, shaggy rug beside your bed for a soft place to land in the morning.
  • Make a headboard. If your bed does not have a headboard, consider making one yourself. There are many ways to make a headboard, from simply hanging a curtain rod from the ceiling and draping fabric over it, to covering plywood with foam and fabric. A headboard will instantly update your room. See the link below for directions for making an upholstered headboard.

How to Repair a Dining Room Table

A dining room table adds elegance and style to your home decor. Unfortunately, because of being located in a high traffic area of the home along with heavy use, Repair your own dining room table.nicks and scratches as well as loose, broken and shortened legs occur often. Hiring a professional to repair your dining room table can be costly. Solve this problem by repairing the table yourself with a few simple tools and inexpensive supplies.

Small Nicks and Scratches

  • Apply the liquid restore to the damaged areas with a piece of cloth.
  • Rub the liquid restore in gently with the steel wool using a soft circular motion.
  • Buff the area dry with a soft lint-free rag.

Deep Scratches and Dents

  • Press and rub the wax filler stick into the dent until it is completely filled in.
  • Buff the area smooth removing excess wax that may have strayed outside the repaired area.
  • Polish the entire table using the furniture polish and a lint-free rag.

Broken Legs

  • Turn the table upside down. Remove the broken leg from the table using the screwdriver. Set the two broken pieces along with any chipped pieces aside.
  • Apply a small amount of wood glue to the inside of the break on both pieces. Line the broken pieces up with each other so the leg appears whole. Attach the two broken pieces to each other. Put a clamp on either side of the break. Allow the leg to dry.
  • Apply a small amount of wood glue to one of the chipped pieces. Line the chipped piece up with the leg where it broke away so the leg appears whole. Hold the chipped piece against the leg until it sticks. Repeat this step for additional chipped pieces. Allow the leg to dry.

Loose and Uneven Legs

  • Tighten the screws of the loose leg using your screwdriver. Apply a small amount of wood glue between the table top and the loose leg if tightening the screws does not tighten the leg. Allow it to dry.
  • Lean the table so the shortened leg is evident. Measure the space between the bottom of the short leg and the floor. Turn the table upside down.
  • Cut the wood block to the length of the gap between the bottom of the shortened leg and the floor using your hand saw. Apply the wood glue to the wood block. Hold the block of wood against the bottom of the shortened leg until it sticks. Allow it to dry.

How to Make a Room With Wood Furniture Look Modern

Balance chunky wood furniture with sleek, streamlined pieces and a minimalist look.

Regardless of your design efforts, sometimes a room with wood furniture, especially dated, antique or vintage-looking pieces, whispers — or shouts — “country” or “traditional” when you want it to sing “modern.” The right wall application, window treatments and accessories are almost all you need to make a room with wood elements project a contemporary voice. Let your design sensibilities guide your assorted color and decor choices.

Switch Around Furniture

  • If you have a rustic wood dining-room set — one that you might expect to see on “Little House on the Prairie” reruns, for example — wipe the charming farmhouse vision from mind by envisioning it with different chairs. If you’re going for a bold, modern look, pair the table with bright-red, aqua or clear-acrylic chairs, or paint the existing ones, if you like. If you’re all about sleek and simple, go with molded white stacking chairs with chrome legs. The idea is to create a less-expected look, which helps turn a melodramatic space into a play on modern.

Jazz Up the Walls

  • Something as simple as an updated feature wall can rock your space into current times or even beyond. If you’re working with pale wood, such as pastoral pine, paint the wall that faces you as you enter in contrasting, won’t-be-ignored, contemporary black, wild-grape purple or cool, electric blue. For more oomph, paint wide dual-colored, eyebrow-raising, horizontal stripes or a standout abstract mural from floor to ceiling. An unexpected high-contrast backdrop elevates wood furniture, giving it stylish zing — like putting your own freestyle moves on the foxtrot. If you’re working with dark wood, such as walnut pieces, use lemon- or lime-colored paint, or wallpaper with a large, bright-on-white geometric pattern for kicked-up contrast. For a visually subdued, yet modern take, Trendir suggests a monochromatic palette, blending wood, walls and metal elements of like tones or shades.

Soften With Window Dressings

  • When you’re going for an updated vibe in a room with a lot of wood furniture, the last thing you should dress your windows with is more wood or wood-like materials, such as wood-slat, bamboo or hemp blinds or shutters. Instead, soften the room with linen drapes, or use white, light-filtering, accordion-slat honeycomb blinds. You could even leave the windows bare if they have thermal, low-emissivity glass and good-looking moldings, to present a daring, clean-lined, open take on modern design. Make your windows stand out with pure-white trim that reflects more light, and contrasts with wood and modern wall colors.

Accessorize With Sparkle

  • Wood furniture provides some of the room’s texture, but not the type you need for a modern vibe. So think “shine.” Fill the space with glass tables, crystal ornaments and metal. Then soften the look with fabrics in the room’s accent colors, from the chenille throw pillows to the retro-mod shag area rugs or luxurious, high-thread-count bedding. As for fabric patterns, skip Old World floral or paisley prints in favor of more modern abstract designs — ikat, polka-dots, herringbone or stripes, for starters.

Update the Lighting

  • Lighting may be more important to updated style than you realize. Use up-to-date, unanticipated lighting bling — such as a row of colorful pendants or a chrome chandelier if the space allows — over a coffee table at eye level, or above each bedside table. Sufficient lighting from daylight or full-spectrum bulbs brightens your home, and a bright home seems less dreary and dated — uplifting wood effects into current times.

How to Prevent Dining Room Accidents

How to Prevent Dining Room Accidents. Most dining room accidents are food-related, such as spilled wine and sauce-stained table runners. But just like in any other room of the house, a number of things can lead to personal injury. Health and safety should be a primary concern in all areas of the house, including the dining room. Here are tips on how to make your dining area accident-proof.

  • Tuck away dangling electrical wires. In many dining rooms you’ll find floor and table lamps and small kitchen appliances like coffeemakers, toasters, sandwich makers and hot plates. These electrical items will have dangling cords of varying lengths. Because the dining area gets a sufficient amount of traffic during mealtime, wayward cords can become a tripping hazard. Tuck them away or use a wire or cord strap to keep them organized and out of the way.
  • Wipe up spills promptly. Food spills on the floor can cause slips, trips and falls. Liquid spills on the table can make a mess and trickle onto the floor. Food messes can start a chain reaction of mishaps and accidents.
  • Serve food in appropriate containers. Make sure each serving plate is large enough to hold the dish, and light enough to allow easy passing around the table. Consider dividing a dish into two separate portions to be placed on each end of the table; this minimizes the passing around that could lead to spills and other accidents.
  • Use appropriate chairs for children. Infants and toddlers should be propped in stable and secure high chairs for easy access to the food and to prevent fall-over accidents.
  • Set a children’s table at parties and large gatherings. Setting up a children’s table will give the young ones the chance to enjoy their food and at the same time remain out of harm’s way with non-breakable dishes and child-safe utensils.
  • Always keep the dining room floor clutter-free. Misplaced toys and other floor clutter can cause tripping, which could lead to a major disaster when you’re carrying a serving plate of food to and from the dining table.
  • Design the dining room so that there is sufficient space and elbowroom around the dining table to minimize crowding and bumping of people and furniture.

How to Arrange Furniture in Small Living & Dining Rooms

Any small room can be difficult to decorate. Standard furniture arrangements can make a small room feel crowded and cramped. Living rooms and dining rooms pose a significant challenge, as they typically have large pieces of furniture, such as overstuffed sofas and big tables. But small living and dining rooms can still be stylish and comfortable, provided that the furniture is chosen and arranged in a way that maximizes the available square footage.

How to Arrange Furniture in Small Living & Dining Rooms

Pare down the furnishings you have in a room. Large furniture ensembles may look impressive in a catalog, but they clutter up a tiny area. Excess pieces can be sold to generate additional income, donated to a charity or stored for future use.

Measure the length and width of each room with a standard tape measure to determine the square footage. Sketch a rough draft of the floor plan on a sheet of graph paper, using the grids to establish the scale of the room. For example, a single square on the graph paper could represent a square foot of floor space.

Measure your furniture. Jot down the length and width of each piece. Use your graph-paper floor plan to try out different arrangements. Place the largest pieces first, and then arrange smaller items around them. Make the most of the given space by building upward, rather than outward. Wall units, shelves, bookcases and cabinets can maximize storage without taking up floor space.

Use smaller, more versatile pieces wherever possible. An ottoman with built-in storage can replace a standard coffee table, while a dining table can double as a desk during the daytime. Choose sleek, armless chairs and a small, circular table for the dining room. In the living room, consider using a loveseat instead of a sofa. The fewer pieces there are in the room, the more open the area becomes.

Make use of light, neutral colors whenever possible, as they will give the room a larger, brighter feel. Dark trims or splashes of contrasting colors make lovely accents and can be used to highlight favorite items or preferred pieces.

Place mirrors on the walls to create the illusion of more space. Keep other accessories to scale to avoid overwhelming the room. It is better to use a few eye-catching accessories than cabinets full of figurines, no matter how prized the collection is.

How to Clean Coffee on a Berber Carpet

Although Berber carpet is durable to foot traffic and will stay attractive for years, it will succumb to unsightly stains if you spill coffee on it. You will be most successful removing coffee stains if you treat them promptly. You may be able to minimize even old coffee stains with the right treatment products and concerted effort. Clean coffee stains on a Berber carpet to restore your carpet to its former beauty.

Clean coffee from a Berber carpet to restore its former beauty.

  • Saturate two or three paper towels with water and partially wring them out. Use the paper towels to remove as much of the coffee from the carpet as possible if the coffee stain is fresh. If the coffee stain is old, attempt to remove as much of the stain as possible. However, you may not be able to remove much.
  • Fill the spray bottle halfway with white vinegar and then to the top with cool water. Close the spray bottle and shake it gently to mix the ingredients. Spray the diluted vinegar over the coffee stain to saturate it completely. Allow the vinegar to sit on the stain for two minutes and then remove the excess vinegar from the carpet with several paper towels. Pour the vinegar solution from the spray bottle.
  • Measure and pour ¼ teaspoon of mild dishwashing detergent into the bottom of the spray bottle. Fill the spray bottle to the top with warm water. Close the spray bottle and shake it gently. Spray the soapy water over the coffee stain to saturate the carpet fibers. Allow the soapy water to sit on the carpet for about five minutes and then gently scrub at the carpet fibers to loosen the stain. Take care as you scrub to ensure you do not damage the looped Berber fibers. Pour the soapy water from the spray bottle and rinse the spray bottle well with clear water.
  • Fill the spray bottle with cool water and close the bottle. Spray the plain water onto the carpet to rinse the soap from the fibers. Remove the excess moisture with dry paper towels and spray the fibers with water a second time to ensure you rinse away the soap completely.
  • Dry the carpet with dry paper towels to remove as much moisture as possible from the carpet fibers.