- Turn the chair upside down. Remove the current seat pad from the chair by unscrewing the pad from the frame of the chair. Set the screws aside; you’ll need them to attach the new pad.
- Remove the staples from the old chair pad to take the fabric off. Use the staple remover or a pair of pliers to pry the staples free. Wear your goggles during this step, as the staples may go flying.
- Set the old chair base down on the piece of plywood, if you need to cut a new base. You may be able to use the old base if it isn’t cracked or overly worn down. Trace around the old seat on the plywood. Use the jigsaw to cut out the shape of the chair seat.
- Trace the shape of the plywood seat onto the foam. Use the electric knife to cut out the foam, adding an inch to the seat’s perimeter all around.
- Spray the adhesive on the back of the foam and attach it to the seat base. Fold the excess foam around the edges of the seat base.
- Drape the batting over the top of the seat base. Trim the batting so that you have 1/2 inch extra on all sides. Pull the batting tight against the foam and staple in the center on one side. Make sure you put the staple on the underside of the chair. Staple in the center on the other side, then staple all around the underside of the chair base. Space the staples about 2 inches apart.
- Cover the seat with the fabric. Trim the fabric so that it extends over the underside of the seat by about 1/2 inch. Staple in the center on the sides, underneath the seat. Continue stapling all around the seat base, pulling the fabric as tight as you can. Space the staples about 2 inches apart.
- Reattach the seat pad to the chair. Place the upside-down chair on top of the base and place the screws back into position, tightening with the screwdriver.
- Remove dirt, dust and debris from your berber carpet with regular vacuuming. This will help prevent staining. Always vacuum immediately before wet cleaning.
- Blot up as much excess moisture as you can when a spill occurs. Then, blot the stain with a cloth moistened with clean water. If clean water does not remove the stain use a spot cleaner approved for berber carpets. After blotting the stain up, make sure to blot excess moisture from the carpet and direct a fan on the spot to speed up drying.
- Steam clean your berber carpet as needed. Use an approved steam cleaning solution for berber. Do not go over any areas twice unless it is necessary. Use the suction to remove as much water as possible.
- Blot berber carpet dry with old bath towels. Remove as much water as possible through blotting.
- Direct a fan on the berber carpet while it is drying. Before putting furniture back on berber carpet make sure it is completely dry. Test for dryness by placing a towel on the carpet and stepping on it.
Glue and Tuck
- Examine the pulled strand. The run will have a definite base where the looped pile is intact. Find this base at one end of the pulled strand. Look closely at the strand to identify if there are periodic glue marks along the strand. They should be in between each pulled loop of the pile.
- Tuck the first loop. Place your screwdriver or other blunt object on top of the first pulled loop at the glue mark, and push this into the first available hole in the woven backing. If it sticks, try pushing the next glue mark on the strand into the next available hole in the woven backing. Continue for five or six more glue marks and holes.
- Examine your work. If the loops you replaced into the backing look uneven, pull them out and try spacing them more evenly so the pile you replaced matches the surrounding pile. When you are satisfied, pull the strand out, remembering what holes in the woven backing match what glue marks on the pulled strand.
- Glue the looped pile back in. Place a small dot of glue on each hole in the woven backing that matched the glue marks on the strand. Replace the glue marks in the holes, and let the glue dry. If the loops do not stay in after being placed back in the holes, apply a weight to the area to keep the loops in while the glue dries.
- Continue with the next five or ten glue marks/holes. If the job is going smoothly and the loops are not pulling out, continue without bothering to let the glue dry until you finish the job. Keep off the area until the glue is dry.
- Adjust for too much or too little exposed strand. If you come to the end of tucking and gluing the exposed strand and you have too much strand left over, cut the excess, melt the end of the tucked strand with a match and glue and tuck it into the last hole. If you have too little strand left over, get a strand from a hidden border to finish tucking and gluing the run
The best designs for kitchen layouts take into consideration how a kitchen is used on a daily basis and what arrangement of cabinets, appliances, and work areas will function most efficiently. Whether it’s a new kitchen design or a kitchen remodel, how you design a kitchen layout will establish the foundation for all the other design elements that will go into the room.
- Determine the basic floor plan. Kitchen layouts typically fall into the following categories:
• One wall kitchen — appliances and cabinets along one wall
• Galley kitchen (a.k.a. corridor kitchen) — appliances and cabinets along two walls facing each other
• L-shaped kitchen — wall cabinets and appliances form an “L”
• U-shaped kitchen — wall cabinets and appliances form a “U”
• Island kitchen — an L- or U-shaped kitchen with the addition of an island
• Peninsula kitchen — one cabinet wall is open to another space
- Design the work triangle. Based on research in the 1950s, the most-used work areas in the kitchen are at the sink, stove, and refrigerator. The concept of a work triangle optimizes the flow between those work areas for the most efficiency — they shouldn’t be too close together or too far apart.
- Decide on how many prep areas are needed. If multiple cooks will be using the space, design your kitchen with enough room for a second sink, and make sure you have extra room for chopping and dicing.
- Decide what other functions will take place in the kitchen. Today’s kitchens are the busiest rooms in the house. In addition to cooking features, will you need a separate pantry, a home office, or a place to watch TV?
- Decide what other functions will take place in the kitchen. Today’s kitchens are the busiest rooms in the house. In addition to cooking features, will you need a separate pantry, a home office, or a place to watch TV? Do you grill a lot? Then perhaps you should add a deck off the back of the kitchen, as well. According to the experts at Capital Construction Contracting Inc, installing a deck off of the kitchen can add “significant value” to your home because it is essentially like adding an outdoor kitchen.
Packing dining room chairs in a moving truck can be difficult because of the unusual shape of the chairs. They never fit conveniently anywhere and take up more space than other objects of similar weight. Dining room chairs are also rather fragile so more attention must be paid to their protection. If you follow a few simple tips, you can pack dining room chairs in a moving truck safely and efficiently.
- Wrap up the chairs in packing blankets. The chair’s legs and arms can get nicked and cushions torn if you don’t protect them with packing blankets.
- Examine the moving truck where you are loading the dining room chairs. Since they tend to be lighter than other furniture they should go on top of heavier things. Find a space that will accommodate the chairs.
- Try to stand the chairs on their feet. This is the safest way to transport them since their weight won’t be on their backs or sides. You probably won’t be able to stand them all on their feet but attempt to stand as many as you can this way.
- Turn some of the chairs over and stack them face down on the chairs standing on their feet. The cushions should be pressed against each other. If the dining room chairs have arms you may need to shift them a few inches to the side so they can meet. Be sure to place padding on the arms if you do this.
- Secure the dining room chairs so they don’t move. It is common for chairs to be damaged by shifting when they aren’t packed tight. Fill in the space around them with small, soft objects. Tie the chairs down if you have no other way to keep them from moving.
There is a few ways to enhancing your financial conditions, particularly in the time when you are strapped for cash. One of the most ideal path is by inspiring loan to move down your financial conditions, however when you are having bad credit score, it is hard to get loan. Doesn’t stress on the off chance that you are having badly credit score, it is conceivable to get loan and improve your financial conditions in the event that you are having bad credit score. The way to get loan even with bad credit and improve your credit score is by make savvy decision as the borrower and begin the way to modify your credit. Today, I will give you an orderly guide on the best way to get a loan even with bad credit legitimately.
The initial step is trying to understand about loans. You should find out about the difference of secured and unsecured loans. Each of them are diverse as far as collateral, a secured loans are loan that went down with collateral, for example, home, auto, property and some more, unsecured loans doesn’t have any collateral behind it however will charge you higher interest rate. Each of them has their own particular danger, make sure to learn them two to pick the right one for you. A standout amongst the most prevalent choices of unsecured loans is payday loans or cash advance. Payday loan or cash development are permit you to get small measure of cash and for brief time. On the off chance that you can’t pay them at the designated time, you can roll the loan over, yet that implies you need to pay additional expenses. In this way, make sure to check the laws on your state and ensure that you are comprehended about the payday loan before you pick them. Check badcreditloanscomparison.com to understand about bad credit loan you might need to take.
The following stride is determining the type of loan you need. You there are a few loans you can pick on the off chance that you have bad credit score. You can get bad credit loans online by just do some examination on the internet and pick the right offering. You can get student loan in the event that you are student and need to pay for your school educational cost. Student loan doesn’t require credit score and even credit history by any means. Be that as it may, I prescribe you to get loan with a co endorser to get the best arrangement on student loan. On the off chance that you are attempting to buy auto, you may need to get to vehicle loan. Car loan doesn’t require credit score in light of the fact that the auto itself is basically collateral. In any case, the auto will be repossessed in the event that you fail to make payments on time. On the off chance that you need to get loan for small business, you can just visit small business administration or reputable bank that affiliated with small business administration. For whatever length of time that you can give confirmation that your business will have the capacity to pick up benefit later on, you will have the capacity to get small business loan easily.
The following stride is meeting with the bank and applies for the loans. Set up any documentation for loan application, for example, occupation information, lodging history, tax document, and application letter. Along these lines, you will have the capacity to get loan in easy ways.
It’s no surprise that we live in a world with a heavy focus on health and fitness. And while everybody wants to live a healthier lifestyle, it’s not always easy to find the time to visit a gym or exercise studio. For this way of life, a home gym could be just the answer.
Plan Your Space Wisely
The first place to start when designing a home exercise space is with a plan. Utilize one of the many free services available online to create a 3D model of your space to help you discover which pieces of equipment you can install.
Don’t Go Overboard
It’s important to use the space you have wisely. Instead of filling it with every exercise item you can find, be realistic about the level of activity you will be completing and only plan to install the necessary equipment. This not only saves space but also saves money on equipment which will only gather dust.
Make Space in Your Space
Alongside your machine based exercises, it’s important to remember that parts of your fitness regime don’t require equipment. While nothing can match the benefits you receive from attending a New York City Pilates studio, for the occasions you can’t make it to a session, a small space where you can place a Pilates or Yoga mat will come in very useful.
Make Your Space Appealing
There is a reason why your local gym has a row of television sets in front of the treadmills. To keep your exercise space appealing, follow suit by installing a small television or a music system which can keep your entertained as you complete your activities. In addition to this, be sure that you like how your space looks by choosing appealing colors or patterns for your walls. Remember that your exercise space is separate from the rest of your home, so don’t be afraid to get creative.
Keep Your Supplies Closeby
It can be easy to look for distractions or ways to stop your exercises if they become too tough. Install a small fridge and a fan where you can keep drinks and have a way to stay cool. This will prevent you from leaving your exercise space to replenish and cool down between sets and never returning.
Creating an exercise space at your home can be a great utility for somebody who lives a busy lifestyle but still wants to stay active. Be sure to follow these tips when creating yours to keep your costs down and help you build an appealing space you actually want to spend time in.
In recent years due to the less than perfect economy, more people have resorted to a DIY method of getting rid of pests. Certain situations are a good alternative to do it yourself than hiring a professional pest control company. Spotting of a single bug like a fly, ant or yellow jacket does not call for a professional pest controller to your home though termites, bed bugs or damaging insect to home have a need to. Pests can leave toxic messes contributing to allergies and potentially damage your home structure.
Things that one needs to consider when deciding on hiring a professional company or home pest control are:
- Home Pest Control – It could be cheap to go to the store and purchase chemicals than hiring a pest control company.
- Professional – Initial professional investment is expensive though may end up being cheaper alternatively. When store pesticides are ineffective the pest control problem may grow and buying more pesticides will be expensive apart from the damage that the pests may cause.
- Home Pest Control– One can purchase products of pest control and apply it at their convenient time.
- Professional – This could be hard to find convenient time for both the exterminator and you to meet at the house for treatment. More often this is the customer inconvenience. A good exterminator will schedule the best time suitable with the owner.
- Home Pest Control–Instructions can easily be found on label or one can look for information in the internet through researching on particular insect or product. Listed instructions on the package should be followed as they exactly are.
- Professional – A knowledgeable and experienced exterminator will quickly identify and solve your problem. The exterminators are able to answer queries that one might have witn prevention or issues experienced. Their expertise and experience will keep your family and home healthier than only reading the instructions on label.
- Home Pest Control– Any kind of chemicals are risky. Applying chemicals one is not knowledgeable about can be harmful to pets, plants and humans in the area. This should not scare you but to have you read instructions carefully and follow directions as listed on product label.
- Professional – Hiring of knowledgeable and experienced pest control companies removes the risk from the homeowner. Get past customer reviews and read all contracts before hiring a pest control company.
- Home Pest Control–Store bought pesticides are often effective for small bug problems. It can be difficult with bigger infestation to use the products bought from the store. Due to the adaptability features of pests, they can become immune to chemicals after a while.
- Professional – Reliable pest control companies have up to date products and information to treat the pest infestation.
- Home Pest Control–A product can be returned depending on product and store. Before purchasing check on the return policies from the local store.
- Professional – Before hiring an exterminator to treat your house ask about their company policies. Incase issue is not solved are they able to come back to your home at no charge? Are warranties offered on their work? A good pest control company will.
Costs of hiring a professional pest control company should be considered. Different regions have different prices and also there is a difference in price from company to company.
When trying to make a decision whether you should tackle the pest infestation, consider the above list. A small infestation is a good inexpensive option, large infestations or continuous problems need pest control companies to save you from hassle, time and money.
Written by BugOut Pest Control & Lawn Care. BugOut Pest Control & Lawn Care offers the best service for pest control Columbia, MO has to offer.
Enhancing your monetary conditions should be possible from numerous points of view, particularly when you are strapped for money. According to various shopper advocates, magazines, study and diverse sources, most Americans are taking point of interest for a payday loan. As showed by various sources, payday loans are a champion amongst the most well known loans in United States. This loan can give small quantify of money to a brief timeframe without bother, it is quick and adaptable as demonstrated by various people. In any case, monetary experts are in like manner perceives enormous peril on this kind of loan, both for the bank moreover vital dangers for the borrowers. Today I will give you regulated guide on the most ideal approach to pick the right payday loan company and ensure that you are avoid any danger that incorporated into this kind of loan. Make a point to avoid hazard to guarantee that your financial assessment will be spare from any error, or else you should take quite a while to enhance your FICO rating.
Payday loan is one of the speediest ways to deal with raise money without bother and without agonized over your financial assessment. According to the monetary pros, payday loan are having inside and out high danger than other sort of loan. To avoid getting the most exceedingly loathsome possible circumstance, you should perceive how to pick the right payday loan company for you. Today, I will give you a regulated guide on the most proficient method to pick the right payday loan company for you without getting the most exceedingly bad danger of payday loans.
The essential step appreciates the payday loan market and system. You may need to find any data about payday loan to settle on better decision when picking the right payday loan company. I recommend you to examine up on government and purchaser advocate concentrates on, get some answers concerning language used by payday loan. Understanding the language use by payday loan, you will have the capacity to pass on your needs and cognizance terms and agreement of the payday loan sharpen.
The following step is ensuring that you are qualified to take payday loans. You should have altered address on the United States. You likewise need to end up lawful national of United States and competent to give security quantities of united states. At that point, you should give ledger number. Utilizing financial balance, you will get the money exchanged to your ledger after you get affirmation and supporting. Check http://www.bestratedbadcreditloans.com/about-bad-credit-loans/fast-money/ for more information about it.
The accompanying step is picking the payday loan company that has association with greater establishments. A payday loan company that subsidiary with greater association and company is having favored credibility over payday loan company that are small, fly by night company.
The accompanying step is check the interest rate and terms for payday loan company offer. Make an indicate examine suitably on the terms and agreements, especially the interest rates that joined to rollover. Make an indicate see about the agreement before marking any contract.
Although PVC windows and doors are seen on most properties, these may not be the best choice for your home. In fact, hardwood frames have proven to last as long as 100 years, making them considerably longer lasting than plastic windows. They also offer authenticity for those that want period features; a level of authenticity that no PVC can emulate, no matter the style and design they offer. The thermal and noise insulation that hardwood has to offer also means that you can enjoy reduced energy bills and energy consumption, as well as a comfortable and quiet interior.
One of the most common reasons that people choose hardwood windows is for the authentic period look and charm that they offer. PVC is a relatively new invention and before it came along, wood was the material of choice for windows and doors. While some of the most recent timber frames were made from poor quality and poorly sourced wood, that had a tendency to rot and warp, good quality windows are made from durable, sustainable, and long lasting hardwood; a material that will not only last longer but looks better and offers greater charm and appeal than any plastic frames.
Double Or Triple Glazed Windows
Modern glazing has advanced considerably, and as well as opting for timber frames, you also have a choice of glazing that will be used. Double glazing has become the standard, but if you want extra thermal and noise reduction properties, then triple glazed windows offer even greater benefits.
If you already have timber frame windows, but you want to improve the quality of the glazing and the protection that your window offers, then you can have secondary glazing added to your existing timber frame windows. As the name suggests, secondary glazing essentially means adding a second layer of glass to an existing window. This is usually done inside the window, and although there will be a larger gap between the panes, the end result is a window of similar quality and offering similar protection to double or even triple glazing. You can enjoy a warm and noise free home, without having to pay to have all of your windows replaced.
Durability And Longevity
Hardwood windows are made from sustainable hardwood material. The wood is chosen for its natural protection, and hardwood is chosen over softwood because it has natural oils that help protect it from rain, sun, and other weather conditions. Your windows will be designed to last, and while PVC windows might last for a period of 20 years, high quality hardwood windows can last as long as 100 years if they are maintained efficiently and properly.
There are many layouts and configurations of glazing and window panes to choose from. Modern glazing standards, and frame manufacturing methods, mean that you can safely choose windows that contain a single pane of glass, or you can have almost any number and layout of window lights as you want to achieve the look and style of window and property that you desire.
The Original Box Sash Windows Company specialise in the crafting and fitting of high quality, hardwood windows and doors, including sliding sash windows and period doors.
Landscape architecture is science with a twist that focuses on designing your outdoor space. Focus is given to the ecological conditions as well as those of the soil. Architects do not only look at the aesthetic outcome but also the resulting conditions on any facelift to your scenery. If you are interested in scenery then you should consider giving an architect a chance. These architects can give your outdoor a beautiful yet unique look. Eateries like hotels, restaurants and resorts need a captivating worthy, interesting looking scenery. It is not easy to hire anyone for a specific job. When choosing a landscape architect you might want to consider a few things.
Before hiring services of a company of architects you should take your time to go through their portfolio. It is necessary to at least go through a variety of portfolios from different companies to make the right choice. Portfolios do not only define careers but they are also telling of the kind of services the company offers. From the previous works and designs you will be able to know who speaks your language and who doesn’t. There will be a landscape designer whose works will match with your interests and designs.
Fraudsters and quacks have been on rise lately. Do not hire a company just because you came across it online. You should collect all the necessary information you need to know. Sometimes you could consult the previous clients and inquire about their services. Going through client reviews and web pages could save a lot of time. Landscape designers focus on impression more than anything. The outlook of a webpage should not be the final stamp on your deal. Organize a meeting and allow a presentation to get acquainted with your partners.
Doing research on the company you are about to hire will enable you budget your expenses. Draw your spending to plan to avoid waste and save yourself future embarrassment. You could consult the services of a financial advisor who will assist you draw a solid plan. It is most definitely wise to not overspend. The knowledge of what is required is necessary to come up with a complete and concise plan. Find out the servicing fee and make adjustments where necessary. This will keep you from incurring debts or last minutes rush to cater for services.
Like most acquired services to be acquired there is a contract that needs to be put into place. Do not rush into creating a lawsuit for yourself. Consult with a lawyer or anyone with legal knowledge. Understand the laws guarding your vicinity such as labor laws and environmental laws. This will go a long way in protecting you from unnecessary expenditure to settle fines and lawsuits. Knowledge of laws of torts is mandatory. Breaching a contract is a mistake before the law and could lead to reputable harm.
Communication is everything
The service industry is the most fluid. Considering a variety of factors, the most important being satisfying the client communication is essential. You and the company you are hiring should be in communication sync. Ensure that the landscape architect you are going to hire understands your likes and dislikes, your expenditure plan as well as what you expect from them. The designer should communicate about their working plan, planned cost and availability. Any changes should be communicated early in time. A common requirement is that you should have their contacts.
Written by Clark Jones, owner of Tree Frog Complete Grounds Maintenance. Tree Frog is the best company for landscaping in Columbia, MO.
re you finally ready to redecorate your home? Perhaps, you want to give a new place some personality. Regardless of your situation, you might be interested in beautiful, cowhide rugs. These stunning floor coverings are extremely popular these days. The following four benefits of these natural products make them a smart choice for almost anyone.
Nowadays, natural products are the rage. New home buyers often demand hardwood floors. Many people also prefer granite, quartz, or marble countertops to solid-surface ones. Shoppers even look for natural accessories, such as cowhide rugs, to complete their design schemes. The natural beauty of cowhide rugs can instantly add warmth, style, and sophistication to any space.
Do you live in a farmhouse in the country? Perhaps, you dwell in a high-rise condo in a large metropolitan area. Cowhide rugs look amazing in any style of home. They are available in a wide selection of colors to fit your personal tastes. If you gravitate toward traditional looks, you might adore a brown and white cow-skin floor covering. If modern styles appeal to you, you may wish to purchase a blue, purple, or yellow cowhide rug.
If you’re like many people, you might not have a lot of extra money in your budget for home décor products. Therefore, you may tend to shop for items that will last for many years. When cared for properly, cow-skin rugs are extremely durable. To clean them, you simply need to shake them out on a weekly basis. However, you shouldn’t ever place them in the washing machine or dryer. Don’t take them to the dry cleaners either. If you accidently spill something on your cow-skin rug, simply remove the stain with a minimum amount of mild soap and water. You can also lightly steam clean your cowhide floor covering when needed.
Do you suffer from bothersome, seasonal allergies? If you deal with allergies on a regular basis, you might be wary about adding a new rug to your home. After all, you might assume your new floor covering will attract all sorts of allergens. Thankfully, cow-skin rugs are naturally hypo-allergenic . So, you don’t have to worry about your beautiful, new rug worsening your seasonal allergy symptoms.
For some people, shopping for home décor items is a challenging experience. Fortunately, one home décor product available in retail outlets today is an ingenious choice for nearly every type of buyer. The natural beauty of cowhide rugs make them effortlessly stylish, sophisticated, and timeless. These colorful floor coverings are also versatile, durable, and hypo-allergenic. They are one home décor item that rewards purchasers for many years to come.
A white, red and black kitchen design creates a bold, high-contrast statement in your home. Whether you are starting from scratch or incorporating color into your existing kitchen design, you can add elements that transform a standard kitchen into a dramatic, modern space. As you plan a design, look for ways to use color that will complement the rest of your home for a continuous feeling.
- To combine black and white in your kitchen and create a contemporary feeling, use black-and-white patterns. You can choose a bold striped backsplash, for example, or find floral-printed curtains for the window. Look for printed plates, decorative panels, or insert a few bold tiles into your backsplash for an unexpected touch. With black and white, a little goes a long way; even a small amount of patterned space can make a large design impact.
- For a bold way to incorporate red into your kitchen design, paint your cabinets a deep crimson color. If you have wooden cabinets, use a primer to prepare the surface for the paint; you can also install red metal cabinets for a contemporary look. For a less dramatic look, add inserts into the cabinets for a splash of color without the commitment; mount fabric panels on the center of each cabinet that can be removed when you want to change the design. If you want bold expanses of red without overwhelming the space, paint your bottom cabinets so that the color rests below the line of sight.
- If you want to incorporate red and black into the kitchen without making a dramatic statement, use accents. Start with a white base, and add red and black for contrast. You might buy colored appliances, for example, or add color in the hand towels. Look for pot holders, chargers, place mats, lamp shades, utensil holders or tablecloths in red and black. Vases, stemware, cookie jars or candle elements are also ways to add color without spending a great deal of money.
- A black-and-white checkerboard floor is a way to add a retro feeling to your kitchen. Look for tiles that will retain their depth of color over the years. One-foot tiles will make a strong impression without overwhelming the room. A checkerboard floor is particularly effective in a small kitchen, where you do not have a lot of room to work in design elements.
- Look at the screws holding the seat on the dining room chair to determine the type of screwdriver you will need. Unscrew the screws and put them in a safe place. Remove the seat from the chair.
- Turn the seat over and use the needle-nose pliers to remove the staples holding the old fabric to the seat. Remove the old fabric and set it aside.
- Evaluate the condition of the seat padding. If the padding is in good condition, you do not need to replace it. If it is not, cut a piece of foam to the same dimensions as the old cushion. If you like, you can cut the new foam to a different height. Taller foam will result in softer cushions, and shorter foam will result in firmer cushions. Remove the old padding from the seat if you are replacing the foam, and glue the new foam in place with high-strength adhesive.
- Cut a new piece of fabric to the same dimensions as the old fabric. If you added height to the cushion, add twice the additional height of the cushion to either dimension of the fabric. For example, if the old fabric measured 16 inches by 16 inches, and you added 1 inch to the height of the cushion, you would cut a piece of fabric measuring 18 inches by 18 inches.
- Lay the fabric face-down on a flat surface. Center the seat, cushion side down, on the fabric.
- Pull the middle point of one side of the fabric over the cushion and board and staple in place. Staple the fabric 1 inch away from the first staple on the left and on the right. Continue in this manner until you have stapled the whole side, except for 2 inches at each corner. Repeat on the opposite side of fabric, and then on the two remaining sides.
- Lay a corner of fabric flat, folding the excess fabric underneath the fabric on the sides. Staple in place. Repeat on the remaining corners.
- Screw the completed seat in place on the dining room chair.
- Turn the chair upside down with the bottom of the chair facing up. Depending on the manufacturer, the chair may feature screws or nails that keep the seat attached to the chair frame. Remove the seat from the wooden chair frame by unscrewing it from the frame using a screwdriver. If the seat had been nailed to the frame instead, remove the nails using a hammer or a pair of pliers, taking extra care not to crack the wood as you pull the nails out.
- Turn the seat upside down to reveal the staples holding the fabric to the seat. Slide the butter knife under the edge of any staples holding the fabric in place and pop the staples loose.
- Peel away the fabric from the seat and set it to one side. Slide the edge of the utility knife under the original padding and wiggle it from side to side. Push the knife around, loosening the padding until it comes off the bottom board or backing.
- Sand the bottom board with medium-grit sandpaper, removing any glue residue left behind. The glue holds the padding to the board. Set the board on top of the foam and trace around the board. Trim the excess foam away, following the line you made.
- Coat the bottom of the foam with spray adhesive, which makes the foam slightly tacky. Spray more adhesive on the board itself. Set the foam directly on top of the board and press it down gently, letting the glue adhere the pieces together.
- Arrange the fabric over the top of the foam and board. Drape the fabric over one side of the pieces and turn it around so that you can see the bottom. Staple the fabric to the board and pull the fabric down taut on the opposite side. Add more staples and repeat on the other two sides, pulling the fabric taut and smooth as you staple.
- Reattach the seat back to the wooden chair frame using the screws or nails you had removed previously.
- Decide whether you want to make an L-shaped seating area around two sides of a table, a niche booth with a U-shaped seating area around three sides of a table or a two-sided booth with fixed benches on the two opposite long sides of the table. Draw up a test floor plan to scale to help you decide.
- Construct the booth seating banquettes or benches. Determine the ideal seat height for your dining table. For most tables, this is 18 inches from the floor to the top of the seat of the chair. Use 2 inch by 2 inch dimensional lumber to construct the skeleton of a box. The box should be the proper length for the banquette as measured along the wall. The box should be about 26 inches wide, from the front of the bench to the back. The box should be 14 inches tall from the floor to the seat of the bench. These dimensions will accommodate the seat cushions.
- Sheath or cover this frame with ¾ inch thick plywood or medium density fiberboard (MDF). Use plywood sheathing if you intend to upholster the bench completely. Use MDF if you want to paint the bench. If the back of the bench will never be seen, don’t sheath the back.
- Build a backrest for the bench. Build another box frame, equal to the length of the bench. The backrest frame should be no more than 6 to 8 inches in width. The backrest can be as tall as you like: mid-back height, shoulder height, or as tall as an average person is when seated. Sheath it in 3/4 inch thick plywood or MDF.
- Mount the backrest on the back edge of the bench with wood screws. Drive the screws down through the framing of the backrest into the bench, or use angle irons.
- Accommodate any turns for an L or U shaped bench. It is sometimes easier to build any “turns” as separate bench units and put them together at a later stage. This also produces a bench that is easier to manage in terms of size and weight. Conduct a ‘dry run’ of your bench units to see what modifications may be needed to fit the pieces together, snugly, into an L or a U.
- Cover the front and the side panels of the bench units, and the side and top panels of the backrests in a suitable upholstery material, if desired. Pad these areas with 1 inch thick foam rubber, cut a little larger than the sizes needed for each panel. Staple the foam rubber to the bench before covering it with fabric. Roll the foam over edges and around corners to soften them.
- Optional: if you want to simply paint the benches, cover all the corners and construction joints with molding trims. Prime the benches. Paint the benches with two coats of a durable, semi-gloss or gloss enamel paint.
- Acquire large sheets or blocks of foam rubber from fabric stores or online. Choose the thickness of the foam according to your tastes: 4 to 6 inches thick is standard.
- Cut the foam into sections (an electric bread knife works well) to match the size of your bench seats. Cut the foam slightly larger than the seat both along the front (under the knee) and on the sides. If you have an L or a U turn to span, make the L one piece of foam. Make two long straight pieces of foam to fit on either side of this L. This technique works with U-shaped benches as well.
- Cover the foam seat blocks with a gauze or “facing” material available at fabric stores. Baste stitch the facing material so it encapsulates the foam blocks completely.
- Upholster the seat blocks with fabric. Use a sewing machine to create six-sided “envelopes” for the cushions. Sew the fabric panels together inside out. Leave one “flap” of the envelope open, along a long edge. After sewing the envelopes, turn them right side out.
- Insert the foam cushions into the envelopes and then close up the open end by whip-stitching the seam closed by hand. If you want to create washable covers, tailor the cushions with nylon zippers along the back seams so you can remove the foam cushion.
- Place the seat cushions on the benches. Measure the distance from the top of the cushion to the top of the backrest. This is the height you need to make your backrest cushions. The seat cushions need to fit under the lower edge of the backrest cushions.
- Construct backrest cushions as you did the seat cushions.
- Attach the backrest cushions to the backrest with four vertical rows of heavy-duty Velcro strips.
- Push the upholstered benches into the final position against the wall. Pull the table up to the benches and test the clearance needed to get in and out of the benches comfortably. Adjust the table location as needed.
- Empty out the living and dining rooms, moving the furniture well out of the way for now. You need to be able to plan out your space without having to climb over the sofa to get from one end to the other.
- Select an interior latex paint in a light, neutral color, and paint both rooms in the same hue. Choose a satin finish, which will be less reflective and add depth to your walls. Light colors will make the room feel more open and bright, and painting both rooms in the same color will keep the areas from seeming boxy and enclosed.
- Use furniture to define the spaces, and treat them as two distinct rooms. Orient your dinette set or dining table in the center of the dining room. Arrange the living room furniture around a focal point, such as a TV or fireplace. Splitting the rooms in this manner visually enlarges the space by creating purposes for each room. The unified paint color, meanwhile, prevents the eye from becoming distracted.
- Add bright, airy accent elements. Small spaces are often shrunken by bold decorating styles, so understatement is the key with your decor choices. Look for lamps with delicate, slender bases and light colored shades; hang pictures with narrower frames, and try to avoid cluttering your wall space. Select draperies and curtains in lightweight, sheer fabrics.
- Get organized. Perhaps the best way to maximize the appearance of space in a small, attached living and dining space is to do a little spring cleaning. Get rid of furniture that isn’t necessary to the space, and minimize decorative elements. Clutter drastically reduces the impression of space, so making sure that every object has a designated place can do wonders for opening up your home
Real estate agents sell homes based on commission — generally about 5 or 6 percent of the sales price. Agents who are members of the National Association of Realtors are called realtors, but other than the trade association membership there is no difference between a realtor and a real estate agent.
- A contract with a realtor is a voluntary agreement. Sales commissions of 6 percent are common, but you can negotiate a lower commission when selling your house. Interview several agents and ask each of them if they’re willing to accept a commission of less than 6 percent. Shaving just 2 percent off the standard 6 percent sales commission will save $6,000 in commission fees on a home selling for $300,000.
- Leverage for a lower commission is even greater on luxury homes costing around $1 million. Realtors are so eager for luxury home listings that some will accept as little as 3 percent in sales commission, according to MSN Money. The agents realize that even with the smaller commission they may earn more on a luxury home than on lower-priced homes.
- A realtor does not keep the entire commission. The buyer’s agent usually receives half. That means on a 6 percent commission, both agents receive 3 percent, and they will share some of that money with their respective real estate brokers.
- Only the top 10 percent of real estate agents earn more than $100,000 in a year, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The median annual wage for a real estate agent in 2008 was $40,150. Median wages for the top 10 percent were $101,860. The lowest 10 percent earned $21,120.
- Some sellers avoid paying realtors by acting as their own agent. They list their homes as “for sale by owner,” and handle all marketing, inquiries and open house events. The strategy works for some sellers, especially in a strong economy when there is great demand for housing and homes are easy to sell. Other owners pay a flat fee of 1 or 2 percent to companies offering basic help with marketing and advertising.
- Look at the wall paint in relationship to the size of the room. Consider whether the color of your walls overwhelm the room. For large expanses of wall space, you might break up the color with a patterned fabric on the windows. For a small room, you might wish to make the curtains the same color to create a sense of more space.
- Notice the shape of the windows. Simple rectangular windows scattered around the room can look good with any kind of window treatment. Large stretches of window may need to be broken up into individual units. Arched windows may need special rods or shades for curved areas.
- Feel the temperature of the room. Does the bedroom face the north, or is it subject to drafts in winter? You may need lined curtains that you can close at night to help keep heat in the room. Heavy fabrics will also help to insulate the room.
- Take note of early morning light. Think about how often you will open and close the drapes. If your bedroom windows face east, morning light may disturb sleepers. Draperies on sliding tracks will be easier to shut light out in the early morning and let light in later in the day. If light isn’t a problem, you can consider lighter-weight fabrics and stationary rods.
- Consider the styling of your décor. If you prefer modern styling, frilly ruffles or voluminous drapes won’t go well with the feel of the room. Consider a modern print or contrasting color to add an edge to the room. If you like country styling, soft prints and ruffles will work well.
- Measure your windows. Take measurements from the top of the windows to the bottom and to the floor.
- Go to your local window treatment store and pick out fabrics and styles.
- Place your order and arrange for installation.
- Remove the seat from the chair. This usually requires simply turning the chair upside down and removing the screws that are holding the cushion in place. Remember to reserve the screws so the cushion can be reattached after the cushion is covered.
- Pull away any existing fabric from the dining room chair cushion. If the fabric is stapled in place, use a flat-head screwdriver to pry the staples away from the underside of the cushion. If possible, keep the original fabric intact to use as a pattern for the new fabric.
- Repair the cushion as needed. If the foam is torn, fill the holes with pieces of upholstery foam and glue in place. If you prefer, you can replace the upholstery foam entirely by attaching a new sheet to the base of the cushion with spray adhesive.
- Create a pattern for your new upholstery fabric. If you were able to reserve the original cushion fabric, simply trace this piece onto your new fabric. You can also create a pattern by draping a piece of muslin cloth over the cushion and tracing out the shape you need. Be sure to leave extra material on all sides for pull.
- Position your seat cushion over the new fabric, print side down. Pull the fabric over to the underside of the cushion and staple in place. Pull the fabric as tight as possible to avoid bubbling and create a clean, professional look. Cut off excess material or cover with a sheet of interfacing.
- Attach the seat cushion to the chair with your reserved screws.
- Situate the instructor’s workstation in a central, visible location. Students should be able to see and hear the instructor from every part of the room.
- Plan locations for video cameras and video screens. Place one camera in a location to film the instructor’s prep station, and another camera over the stove, where it can film multiple burners. Situate video screens on either side of the instructor’s workstation, high enough for all students to see.
- Minimize clutter around the workstation by arranging cabinets for pans and utensils within reach, but away from the island containing the instructor’s stove and prep area.
- Place a hand-washing sink within easy reach of the workstation, but at enough of a distance to not interfere with instruction activity or for water to splash on prep areas.
- Plan student workstations where up to four students can work together. Workstations should be islands with stainless-steel prep stations and burners if students are cooking.
- Establish priorities by taking inventory of the needs of household members. Perhaps someone has a chronic condition that means they will eventually need an assisted living device like a wheelchair. An elderly member of the household may be much shorter than others or need help in the kitchen.
- Plan for varying mobility requirements. This may mean allowing five feet between counters and islands or arranging space to minimize the need to walk between preparation areas and cooking appliances. Add pull-out counters under microwaves and ovens to allow hot food to be put down without the need to turn around or move to another counter.
- Provide standard or adjustable counter-height workspace. Counter height has been creeping higher in new homes but our parents — and anyone in a wheelchair — find them inconvenient. Place ovens and microwaves on walls where they can be approached at eye level to make them more accessible.
- Buy appliances with safety features convenient for wheelchair users. Side-by-side refrigerator freezers, in-door ice and water dispensers, side-open ovens, convection stove tops and front-mounted controls all simplify use and make appliances more accessible. Leave open space under adjustable work counters that can be raised or lowered four inches.
- Build in convenience by including at least 60 inches of “prep” and cleanup space next to range tops, ovens and refrigerators. Install pull-out storage in base cabinets and pull-down racks in upper cabinets. Specify pull-out shelves on rollers in appliances and cabinets.
- Figure out what you want to do. You can own a kitchen design showroom, do consulting for other interior designers or contractors or act like an interior designer only specializing in kitchens.
- Research local licensing laws. Many states require that an interior designer have a certain number of years of experience as well as a college degree. Since kitchen design falls under the umbrella of interior design, you’d still need a license. Alternatively, you can call yourself an “interior decorator” to bypass these licensing laws.
- Set up your office. Even if you only take jobs as a consultant, you’ll need some kind of office from which to work. You can set up a home office if you’d like, but if you plan to have clients come over, your entire house must be presentable. If you want to own a design showroom, you’ll have to buy some inventory to display as well as set up your office.
- Decide on your rates. This all depends on the type of business you start. Obviously the rate for consulting is different from the rate for a residential kitchen remodel design gig.
- Make up business cards and give them out to everyone you meet. Choose other marketing techniques that you think will help you get some business. Consider talking to contractors and other interior designers to see if they would be interested in using your services, or at the very least, referring some business to you.
- Keep up with the trends in kitchen design. As a professional, people will only want to hire you if you know what you’re talking about when it comes to kitchens. Know about every aspect that makes up a kitchen, from cabinets to counter tops and from sinks to floors.
The spirit of Zen is humble, direct and peaceful. Uncomplicated decor, simple lines, empty space and natural materials belong in a Zen bedroom. Lots of decorative touches, loud colors, and an excess of consumer goods are the antitheses of a Zen retreat. But a Zen makeover isn’t an invitation to use your entire savings in pursuit of serenity. Spend little to nothing; let go of everything you don’t need. Find space to breathe and to meditate, using mostly what you already have.
When decorating a bedroom for a man, the contemporary style is a fine choice. This is due largely to the fact that contemporary style decorating ideas focus on a clutter-free environment and modern fabrics paired with sleek furniture and simple artwork. It aims to create a soothing and easy-to-care-for room without frills.
Purchasing a complete matched suite of furniture unifies the room better than a mix of furniture pieces does, and provides a blank canvas in which to begin decorating.
Buy a king-size bed. King-size beds are the largest beds in regard to length, which is more comfortable for taller men. A bed of this size also acts as a focal point in the room.
Place a sleek chest at the foot of the bed. This provides a place to store extra blankets.
If there is wall space opposite the bed, consider mounting a flat-panel television to the wall. If this isn’t possible, try adding an entertainment center. In contemporary design, electronics often take the place of art in a room.
Bed linens should consist of basic bedding along with a comforter, bed skirt and pillow shams. Purchase a matched set for the most cohesiveness. When purchasing a bed skirt, look for one that is tailored as opposed to ruffled. This is more masculine and more fitting in a contemporary bedroom.
Window treatments should consist of tailored drapes and valance. Blinds can also be used, but drapes add an air of refinement and softness that is more relaxing in a bedroom.
When the chosen color scheme is gray, black or white, consider a large piece of colored artwork over the bed. In a cool color scheme, a bit of color is usually necessary to prevent the room from feeling drab and somber.
Molding and Trim
- Many bedrooms lack crown molding or any other architectural embellishment. Adding this luxurious touch to a room creates a finished, elegant look at an affordable price. Wood molding is expensive, but lightweight polyurethane foam products are indistinguishable from wood once they are painted and put in place. Install lightweight crown molding to add instant architectural interest to a room that has none. A decorative ceiling medallion surrounding a new light fixture will dress up the space even more. Like molding, ceiling medallions are available in polyurethane foam as opposed to the original heavy plaster. Moldings and medallions of this type are available through home centers and require only small nails or glue for installation. This remodeling project is within the scope of even an amateur do-it-yourselfer.
- If you love traditional decor, adding high wainscoting to a plain-Jane bedroom will give it instant character and charm. Use lightweight bead board paneling, which is inexpensive and easy to install. Paint or stain the paneling prior nailing it in place. High wainscoting, which should extend two-thirds of the way up the wall, will provide an interesting backdrop for your bed and create the illusion of a headboard if you do not have one. Top the wainscoting with a grooved plate-rail molding for a classic finishing touch. Not only does it look good and add dimension, but the plate rail also provides a shallow shelf for the display of decorative items around the room. Painting the wall above the wainscoting a contrasting color will emphasize its detail and add another element of color to the room.
- Complete your bedroom remodeling project by adding a new floor. You can have the appearance of real hardwood flooring at a significantly lower price if you choose a wood-look laminate. Laminate floors have the same grain pattern and texture as wood, but they are made of layers of inorganic material bonded together, or laminated. The design layer, which gives the product its real-wood look, is applied to the core backing, and then a tough wear layer is added to make the floor durable and easy to care for. Many different wood types are available from traditional oak and cherry to exotic Brazilian hardwoods. Styles range from rustic to contemporary. Many laminates are suitable for do-it-yourself installation.
The term “Berber” refers to the weave of the carpet, not the materials. Berber carpet is made from a variety of materials, and the weave results in short loops. The durability and ease of maintenance varies depending on the type of fabric used to manufacture the carpet. A Berber carpet made of quality wool or nylon will have fewer issues than one made of olefin or polyester fibers. While Berber carpet is inexpensive and available in a variety of colors, there are also disadvantages to Berber carpet.
- Carpets require more maintenance than other flooring choices. Berber carpet manufactured with nonwool or nylon fibers can be hard to clean. It is difficult to remove stains from the fibers, and they quickly show wear and tear. Cleaning the carpet can result in a yellow tinge. Carpet holds onto odors, stains and bacteria more than other flooring choices such as hardwood or stone.
- Less expensive Berber carpets have a low flashpoint. As a result, the carpets are easily damaged by dragging furniture. The movement of the furniture burns the fabric and leaves an irreversible stain. The loops of Berber carpet are also easily caught in high heels or your pets’ nails, which can unravel the carpet. The inexpensive fibers are crushed easily and can not be repaired.
- Inexpensive fibers feel rough to the touch. Families with children and others who spend a lot of time walking barefoot or sitting on the floor will want to consider more expensive wool or nylon-fiber Berber carpets.
Removing Pet Urine Stains
- Remove as much of the urine stain as possible. Use a thick stack of paper towels and apply pressure while blotting urine-stained Berber carpet. Switch to a clean stack of paper towels often. Continue blotting until no more urine transfers from the carpet to the paper towels.
- Pour equal parts white vinegar and water into an empty spray bottle. Saturate the entire stained area of the carpet with the solution.
- Blot the carpet again with a stack of paper towels. Continue blotting until there is almost no moisture coming up from the carpet.
- Sprinkle the affected area of the carpet with a generous coating of baking soda. Mix ¼ cup hydrogen peroxide and 1 tsp. bleach-free liquid dish soap into a bowl. Drizzle the soap and peroxide mixture over the baking soda.
- Work the mixture into the carpet using an old toothbrush. Allow it to dry completely before vacuuming the carpet.
Removing Pet Feces Stains
- Scoop up solid pieces of feces with a plastic spoon or paper towels. Take care not to rub or spread the feces further into the carpet.
- Spray the area with a laundry pretreatment spray. Allow the spray to sit on the carpet for two to three minutes.
- Fill a bucket with 1 gallon warm water. Add 3 tsp. laundry detergent to the water. Use your hands to combine the ingredients and make the mixture soapy.
- Dip a sponge into the soapy water and wring it out. Blot the stained area of the carpet several times with the sponge and soapy water. Rinse out the sponge frequently while blotting.
- Scrub the carpeting with an old toothbrush or scrub brush. Rinse out the brush in the bucket of soapy water while scrubbing. Continue scrubbing until the feces stain is gone. Blot the area with old rags to remove excess moisture.
- Pour ½ cup vinegar and ½ cup warm water into an empty spray bottle. Saturate the stained area with the mixture. Allow it to soak into the carpeting for about five minutes.
- Rinse the area with a rag and cold water. Blot with a clean rag to remove the moisture.
- Sprinkle a generous amount of baking soda over the area. Let the baking soda sit on the carpet overnight before vacuuming it up the next day.
- Blot up as much of the paint as possible with clean cloths. Do not rub the paint, as this might spread it further or soak it into the carpet. Skip this step if the paint is dry.
- Mix ¼ tsp. mild liquid dish soap with 1 cup warm water. Mild dish soap does not contain bleach.
- Blot the soapy solution onto the stain with a clean cloth. Work from the outside of the paint stain toward the inside of the stain. If your Berber carpets are looped, clean in the same direction as the carpet fibers.
- Mix 1 tbsp. ammonia with another cup of water if the stain is still visible.
- Blot the ammonia solution onto the stain until you’ve removed it.
- Blot nail polish remover into the stain if it is still visible and if the paint is oil based. While the above process will work on all types of paint, nail polish remover will not work to remove latex or water-based paint.
- Press a clean cloth over the formerly stained area until you’ve soaked up all of the cleaning solution.
- Mist the area with clear water from a spray bottle. This will help rinse out the cleaning solution.
- Press another clean cloth over the area to soak up the water.
- Plan the carpet installation to minimize seams and keep seams in low-traffic areas. Run seams perpendicular to windows so that they are less visible in the natural light.
- Install the tackless strips near the walls on every side, leaving about a ½ inch gap. Use a strip cutter to trim the strips to size. Keep the strips down with nails, use masonry nails if the subfloor is made of concrete.
- Lay thin, dense carpet pad under berber to reduce stress on seams and keep them from pulling apart. Leave about ¼ inch between the strips and the carpet pad. Use a stapler on the pad’s seams and to keep the pad attached to the floor.
- Cut the carpet to size and lay it down. If the berber has a pattern, make sure that the pattern lines up properly between adjacent pieces so seams are not visible. Use wide seaming tape to create strong, tight seams. Refer to related eHow titled “How to Install Carpet.”
- Use a power stretcher and knee kicker to stretch the berber carpet to fit tightly onto the tackless strips. Check that the pattern still lines up before stretching the adjacent piece of carpet onto the tackless strips.
- Verify that all seams look tight and flat. Trim off excess carpet along the wall and set edges under the baseboards.
Superficial, Small Burns
- Examine the burn to determine the extent of the damage. As long as the burn does not penetrate down to the bottom of the carpeting and the pad, you can superficially fix it.
- Use the sharp scissors to cut out the burnt fibers, which will be hard and crusty. Use extreme caution as you cut, making sure you do not cut down into the carpet pad. Discard the burnt fibers.
- Find a different area of the carpet that is out of common sight — inside a closet or under furniture are suitable places. Use the sharp scissors to cut the top fibers from the carpeting in this area. Your goal is to remove approximately the same amount of carpet fibers from this area that you cut out of the first area. Again, do not cut down into the carpet pad.
- Spread a light area of clear carpet glue onto the burned area and press the harvested carpet fibers down onto the glue. These harvested carpet fibers will fill in the area where you removed the burnt fibers.
- Allow the glue to dry completely and then trim any fibers that seem bushy and fuzzy so that the glued area is neat and even with the surrounding carpeting.
Larger and Deeper Burns
- Look carefully at larger burns to determine the extent of the burn. If the burn is very dark and penetrates down through the carpet pad, you must cut the entire burned area out of the carpeting and replace it.
- Use the x-acto knife to cut around the burn, making the cut approximately 1 to 2 inches outside of the burn. Cut all around the burn, then remove the cutout piece of the carpeting.
- Take the cutout piece to an inconspicuous area of the same Berber carpeting and place it onto the carpet. Match up the direction of the carpet fibers and the shape of the cutout piece perfectly.
- Use the x-acto knife to cut out a replacement “plug” from the unmarred Berber carpeting. Cut around the cutout piece exactly so you have two carpet pieces that are identical in size and shape.
- Spread carpet glue over first hole in the burned area and insert the replacement plug. Make sure you precisely place the replacement plug into the hole and that the direction of the carpet fibers matches perfectly. Press down firmly on the replacement plug so the glue adheres it.
- Place a heavy book over the glued area and leave the book in place for at least eight hours. Remove the book after the eight hours and fluff up the carpet fibers to hide the repair.
- Sketch the kitchen space. Draw counters, windows and door openings. Measure all space on each wall facade carefully. Go over kitchen design books to review ideas for storage alternatives that include shelving and free-standing cabinets.
- Plan appliances and counter space first. Figure out where the sink, dishwasher, stove and refrigerator will fit. Design a triangle pattern between the sink, stove and refrigerator, so that cooking and cleanup work easily. Add a kitchen island — either stationary or on rollers so it can be moved. Plan to store heavy pots and pans in the bottom of the island cabinet. Create a counter work space of granite tiles or vinyl laminate for mixing and preparing foods.
- Design unique floor cabinets and storage. Select stainless steel cabinets on rollers to store foods or pans. Buy these cabinets the same height as the counter space, or purchase one large stainless cabinet to fit the corner of a kitchen that reaches from floor to ceiling. Keep in mind that an old antique buffet cabinet from a flea market or mismatched antique cabinets roughly 36 inches high will fit into most kitchens.
- Create open shelving to store cooking items. Group canisters of flour and other commodities on a series of shelves near the stove. Buy a sleek chrome shelving system at a home improvement store to place large baskets or bins full of cooking utensils and canned goods. Feature unique cooking pots on a shelf about 18 inches from ceiling level near a kitchen eating table. Add a kitchen stool to retrieve these pots for cooking on special occasions.
- Utilize space for storage near the kitchen. Use a small hallway closet for storing paper items, cereal boxes and kitchen towels, for example. Find space in a laundry room near the kitchen to install a floor-to-ceiling food pantry cabinet. Locate wasted space under a staircase to store large bags of pet food, paper products and dishes used only on holidays. Place casters on wood storage containers to hold these items, so everything is easy to move around.
When designing a church kitchen it is imperative to understand the specific needs of your congregation and building. Once you begin the process you will quickly find that it becomes as much fun as work. Enjoy the fruits of your labor–straight from the kitchen, that is.
- Work with what you have. Don’t try to overdo it. If you have limited space, create a step-saver kitchen with all the work areas near one another. If plumbing or electrical issues prevent you from moving the sink or stove, leave them where they are and work around them.
- Stick to your budget. Focus on the practical instead of the newest fads in kitchen gadgets and materials. Important items include an easy-to-maintain counter surface and durable cabinets and flooring. You don’t need expensive granite counters, especially if they stretch the budget. (There is nothing wrong with going high end, but blowing your budget to do so may be perceived as frivolous by your congregation.)
- Assess your needs. If you run a soup kitchen, a commercial-grade stove and oven are in order. On the flip side, if the church kitchen is used only for the occasional holiday potluck, a regular stove will suffice. If the kitchen is the hub of church life, a breakfast style bar and extra seating are needed. Consider a freezer-free refrigerator that will provide more room for refreshments.
- Pay attention to detail. The layout of your kitchen is very important. If your kitchen is often used for public gatherings or just a place to congregate, make sure the layout is conducive to movement. An open kitchen with a center island and bar makes it easy for church members to move in and out with ease. A closed kitchen with cooks only in mind should have entrance doors with windows to minimize injuries or spills as people carry hot dishes in and out of the kitchen.
- Use skilled volunteers and laborers. The kitchen is not the place for Children’s Church kids to hone their newly acquired skills with a hammer. Because of fire codes and permit laws you need a skilled team to help with the design. Use only a licensed electrician to work with wires, hookups and electricity. The same goes for your plumber-a licensed and bonded plumber could save you money and headaches down the road.
States Without Sales Taxes
Sales taxes are charged in 45 states as well as Washington DC. Five states — Alaska, Delaware, Montana, New Hampshire, and Oregon — do not have a state sales tax. Of these five states, Alaska and Montana allow local taxes to be charged under certain conditions. Even if you don’t live in one of the states that doesn’t charge sales taxes, if the size of the purchase of diamonds or jewelry is large enough, you still may end up saving money after paying for travel and lodging.
According to Robert Wood, a tax attorney with Wood LLP, online purchases are not charged a sales tax if the items are shipped to a state where the online merchant does not have a physical presence. For this reason, shopping at smaller e-commerce sites that have a limited number of physical locations can be advantageous as compared to a large retailer like Amazon. For example, as of 2015, Amazon charges sales tax to customers living in 23 states. Purchases of diamonds and jewelry from Blue Nile, on the other hand, are charged sales tax in only two states.
Ship the Item
Purchasing items from a store and then shipping them to avoid the sales tax works in much the same manner as an online purchase. If the store from which you are making a purchase does not have a physical location in the state where the items will be shipped, the merchant will not charge sales tax. Also similar to online purchases, a large retailer is more likely to charge sales tax on shipped items than a small boutique. For example, Zales Jewelers has stores in every state in the country and will charge applicable sales taxes on all shipments, with the exception of the 5 states that don’t have a sales tax. A single boutique would only charge sales tax on shipments within the state where it is located.
- Parents are often in search of deals on children’s apparel and toys, as well as creative, easy ways to get rid of items that their own children have outgrown. A children’s consignment shop can fulfill both needs by offering a variety of toys, clothing and accessories for children of all ages. Set up an area in the store where children can play while their parents consign their items or make purchases.
- Position your store to target individuals who may only be looking to purchase accessories through consignment. Focus on consigning accessories, rather than apparel, by offering items such as jewelry, hats, scarves, purses and shoes. Promote a consignment shop for accessories by offering clients a chance to host accessory parties at your store location. Host trunk shows to help promote the products that you have on consignment.
Books and Literature
- Give avid readers and book collectors a place to shop and consign books. Offer a variety of genres to ensure that you reach a wide range of potential clients. Host monthly book clubs, invite authors in for book readings and signings and set up an area where customers can read books and enjoy coffee or tea after making a purchase.
- From vases and pillows to throw rugs and candle holders, home decor consignment shops carry a wide range of items that consumers can use to decorate their homes. Offering everything from vintage wares to modern pieces, a home decor consignment shop can attract the attention of a diverse clientele.
- Mothers-to-be shop for affordable, comfortable, stylish fashions to wear during their pregnancy months. A consignment shop devoted to selling maternity clothing could cater to this market by offering casual, career and evening apparel. Host events for moms-to-be on baby-related topics including making baby food at home, the importance of being ready to have a baby and decorating a nursery.
- Determine which type of real estate license you wish to pursue. Wisconsin offers licenses for brokers and salespersons. A broker may manage his or her own business. A salesperson must work with a licensed broker. Brokers must undergo additional training than that required of a salesperson.
- Meet the education requirements set forth by the Wisconsin Department of Regulation and Licensing (WDRL). Specifically, you must complete one of the following: a 72-hour salesperson course from an approved educational program, 10 semester hours from an accredited college or university in courses that specialize in real estate or real estate law, or belong to the Wisconsin State Bar.
- Complete the educational requirements necessary for a broker if you intend to be a broker. In addition to the basic education requirements, you must complete either a 36-hour broker course from an approved education program or an additional 10 semester hours from an accredited college or university in courses that specialize in real estate or real estate law. If you belong to the Wisconsin State Bar, you need not meet this additional requirement.
- Pass the Wisconsin real estate examination. Sales persons need only pass the examination designated for a real estate license in sales. Brokers must pass both the sales examination and the broker’s examination. Sign up for an examination by contacting PearsonVue.
- Fill out the “Application for New Salesperson or Broker License” form. Include the license fee ($75 as of 2010 for an initial license). Obtain the form from the WDRL website. Additionally, sales persons must also be employed by a licensed broker in order to become licensed. If the sales person fills out the application before becoming employed, the sales person must file a “Notice of Real Estate Employment Form” when he or she becomes employed by a broker.
Building a home is a monumental undertaking no matter what your budget, but the design of a luxury home is particularly daunting. Larger budgets mean more options, and more custom features tend to add more subcontractors to the mix. The key to achieving a high-quality end result that appeals to your design aesthetic is to assemble a skilled team of professionals who can help you make well-informed decisions along the way.
- Collect photographs of design features that are important to you. As you explore your options, consider the activities that give you the greatest satisfaction. Whether you envision casual family gatherings around the infinity pool or an ultra-modern chef’s kitchen, these preferences will guide your discussions with your future design team. Don’t forget to consider the needs of extended family who may spend considerable time in your new home–including in-laws, beloved friends or the live-in nanny.
- Consult your local home builder’s association to find a local builder who builds custom luxury homes. An experienced builder can guide you in choosing an architect, locating a building site and finding innovative products that will help set your home apart from the crowd. Tour open houses and talk to homeowners whose properties you admire to learn whether they were happy with their builder’s work.
- Contact your local chapter of the American Institute of Architects for a referral list of architectural firms that specialize in luxury home designs. Your architect can steer you toward building sites that will be well suited to the type of construction you prefer. Keep in mind that you may not find your dream home in a firm’s portfolio because, as Jackson Hole architect Larry Berlin says, “it hasn’t been designed yet.”
- Tour potential building sites that offer the type of landscape that appeals to you. If you are considering building within a gated community or country club, you may be able to obtain a community site plan to pinpoint lots that best meet your preferences. Keep in mind that such communities may require your architect to submit your proposed plans to a review committee to approve such features as roofing materials, exterior paint colors, privacy fences, garage orientation and driveway surfacing.
- Meet with your architect for a comprehensive discussion of design details–that clip file will come in handy now. After this meeting, your architect will typically require several weeks to draft a rough plan and you will probably need several more meetings to refine the plan. Throughout the process, remember that square footage does not necessarily dictate the construction budget–a large open space may cost less to build than a smaller space containing exotic hardwood floors, irregularly sized windows or extensive masonry work.
- Consult a landscape architect before construction begins. Even if you enjoy doing your own gardening, a professional landscape designer can assist you with site planning and choosing native plant species that will complement the design of your home. Such experts can offer you ideas for water features, exterior lighting, pools and decking surfaces that you will want to explore with your architect.
- Meet with an interior designer to discuss how you will furnish your home. By looking at fabric samples, window treatments and must-have decorative items, you will build a vision of your finished abode. With these ideas in mind, you can work with the rest of your design team to choose wood finishes, flooring materials and tile work to establish a cohesive style for each room.
- Tape the floor plan to your board such that the front walls of the home are parallel with your straight edge, starting with the front of the home floor plan.
- Cover your floor plan with the tissue paper and tape your tissue down.
- Draw a ground elevation line near the bottom of your tissue paper. If your home is on a basement or crawl space or otherwise elevated above ground level, then measure that distance of above ground and draw a horizontal line.
- Use your triangle and lightly draw each outside corner on the elevation. Each house has a core grouping of rooms that form roof fascia heights. Lightly draw those first. Repeat these steps on each elevation and side of the floor plan until you have a rough idea of the home’s mass.
- Layout your floor plan, cover it with tissue and plot your roof plan. You may need to work back and forth between the elevations and the roof as you work out roof lines, roof pitch, ceiling height and fascia heights. When you have solved your roof plan, you will have a rough front elevation.
- Select the style of home you are designing and have samples of that style’s features available for reference. Designing an elevation begins once the structure of the house is solved. With the raw bones of the house drawn, the exterior style and design are applied.
- Develop your design by solving elevation problems through selecting solutions typical of the proposed home style. A well-designed luxury home emerges from an in-depth understanding of the style being executed. Select appropriately sized and styled windows, doors, trims, lamps, exterior surfaces, roofing types and design motifs. Each part of the design should be balanced and work with all other parts.
- Develop your side and rear elevations after you have solved your front elevation. The choices you make on your front elevation will inform every other surface and choice for consistency and style integrity. Luxury homes are defined by their details and good bones or good underlying balanced architectural design.
Luxury Realtors are real estate agents who sell multimillion-dollar properties, as well as those who focus on the second home, or vacation property, market. While these types of Realtors must have the same licenses and certifications as other real estate agents, they often have different marketing strategies and work with more high-maintenance clients. If you already are in the real estate business and want to pursue the luxury market, there are many things you can do to break into the career and start earning high-dollar commissions.
- Obtain your state-issue real estate license if you don’t already have it. This process typically includes taking mandated coursework, as well as passing an examination if you’re trying to get a broker’s license.
- Research the luxury lifestyle. To impress future luxury buyers, you’ll need to know the differences between mainstream and luxury brands. For example, you need to know about top-of-the-line light fixture manufacturers, the best plumbing fixtures, the most expensive appliances and world-class building materials, such as slate flooring.
- Make connections with local interior designers, landscape company owners and builders that already cater to luxury clientele. They’ll want referrals from you, and you’ll need their connections to prove to your clients you have ties to the best in the business.
- Assess your own appearance. You’ll need to exude the luxury lifestyle if you want your clients to take you seriously. This means you need an expensive, high-quality wardrobe, the right jewelry, the right hairstyle and a luxury vehicle.
- Join elite clubs in your area, such as polo clubs or country clubs. This will allow you to mingle with future clients, as well as become a part of their social scene. If you can’t afford a membership, look for volunteer opportunities to get you in the door.
- Choose a luxury niche and target market. Research the past few years’ sales to assess the current market. Plan to target a specific area of town or ZIP code, as well as the type of dwelling. For example, you might focus on lakefront homes or target high-rise condos.
- Apply at an already-established luxury real estate agency in your chosen niche. This will help you enter the luxury-market scene and make a name for yourself. After you become successful and have loyal customers, you can branch out on your own.
Bedrooms of the 1930s often had a classy earthy tone and were notable for their geometric designs and simple aesthetic. The prevalence of a simple aesthetic in the 1930’s was due to both period art influences and to economic factors like improved large-scale production of household goods such as furniture. For some, design sensibilities were not a priority because, the 1930s, often referred to as the Dirty 30s, were a time of financial upheaval and personal hardship. For those displaced by the events of the 1930s, any bedroom they were lucky enough to have would likely have a spartan decor rather than any specific style.
1930s Era Bedroom Color Schemes
- In the homes of middle and upper class citizens, somber colors were the look of the era. Earthtones, such as coffee browns and cool creams, dominated much of the design aesthetic with flashes of color reserved for smaller intricate items with the overall intent being to draw the viewer’s eye. The 1930s bedroom color schemes made significant use of light and shadow to give added depth of character. By the 1930s, electric home features, such as lighting fixtures, became widely available to the middle classes, and their design became refined to the point where lighting was more readily integrated into home decor. The overall effect was a dark and moody but cozy look. Bedspreads and upholstery generally matched the somber color schemes of the other aspects of the room, although deep, rich reds were also favorite choices for fabric in the era.
Synthetic Decor in the 1930s
- Furniture of the 1930s was still largely composed of quality hardwoods as well as spring and cotton stuffed upholstery. In a bedroom setting, this would generally mean hardwood constructed bed frames and side tables, dressers and makeup stands — all in deep rich hues. Synthetic fibers, such as plastic derivatives, were becoming more and more commonplace by the 1930s. Specific products, such as polystyrene and acrylic resin, had just hit the market, meaning that some plastic objects which would in modern design be considered rather gaudy, such as acrylic lamps, might then have been status items or otherwise considered quality furniture. Polyethylene, one of the more durable and most common modern classic materials, was not yet invented; so when designing a period specific 1930s bedroom, take into account which synthetic materials existed at the time.
Art Deco: An Evolution of Art Nouveau and English Design Sensibility
- Art Deco evolved from two separate schools of influence. The first is the Victorian stylings of the English, and the second was the Art Nouveau movement that originated in France. The Victorian style, when deconstructed to its simplest aspects, chiefly values a balance of comfort and ornate craftsmanship. By contrast, the Art Nouveau furniture introduced by the French was highly ornate, sometimes to a level of impracticality, although it also demonstrated a high degree of sculpture-like craftsmanship in woodcarving, such as the common leaf designs of the style. Art Deco, by contrast, removed many of the frivolous, ornate aspects from both older styles while keeping the clean shapes and the comfortable practicality. In part, the demand for decorative and artistic furniture was driven by a strong American middle class in 1925 when the Art Deco style was formally announced by the French Exposition Internationale; these consumers sought to emulate the more expensive furniture available to the wealthy. While the design sensibility originated as a mimicry of other styles, it eventually evolved into a more widespread and distinctive style.
Industrial Drives Behind Art Deco
- As much as the furniture and design industries in the 1930s tried to popularize the image of Art Deco, it was fundamentally a style based upon convenient mass production. The simplistic mass production processes of the time made highly ornate work an extremely expensive proposition; therefore, an aesthetic of simplicity was not only a matter of style but a matter of cost consideration and good business practice. For instance, it takes far longer to carve a single ornate sofa than it does to simply saw and sand it for a clean, geometric look. The same design consideration applied to much of the interior design and furniture industry at the time, which gave rise to a host of simple, clean lined and practical items found in the 1930s bedroom.
Masculine style is restrained, distinguished and bold. A bedroom reflective of male sensibilities can be as inviting as any frilly fortress designed by the most indulgent of interior designers. Create a clean, modern and masculine bedroom by following the guidelines below.
- Survey the situation. Study your bedroom and take notice of the size, lines and angles of the space. Also consider your existing furnishings and bedroom accessories as you work toward a masculine feel. You may decide to overhaul the existing look altogether or work off of the current style.
- Measure the space. Floor, wall and window dimensions should be understood before you start buying items for the room to ensure the items are a good fit.
- Decide on a color palette. Go neutral with white, tan or beige walls. For a more bold statement, paint walls blue, brown or another deep shade. Take into consideration the size of your bedroom when choosing a wall color. Darker colors will close up the space while lighter colors open up the room. Compromise by painting one wall a dark shade and keeping the others white.
- Select your bedding. Use nature as inspiration when deciding on colors and patterns. Consider a solid colored duvet and matching pillow cases. Don’t overdress the bed with decorative shams and throw pillows. Keep it clean and simple. Stripes and plaids in dark colors are masculine in nature. For a stronger composition, pair stripes with plaids or simply add patterned pillowcases with a monochromatic comforter.
- Dress the windows. Cover windows with simple panels in a heavy material. Avoid sheers or light fabrics and select a contrast color that works with the existing color palette. Window treatments are a good way to incorporate bold colors without overwhelming the room.
- Work in the details. A mahogany bowl holds car keys and loose change while at the same time functions as an eye-catching display piece. Select decorative items constructed from dark wood or metal. Situate an Art Deco style lamp next to your bed. Be conservative in your use of decorative pieces and select rugged yet refined items to add a sense of character.
- Consider what you’ll be using your bedroom for. If you typically watch television before bed, you’ll want an entertainment stand. If you read, you may want a bookshelf. If your room is small, you might want as little furniture as possible, leaving only a bed, night stand and optional clothing dresser.
- List the colors of your room, wood paneling (if any) and existing furniture. Unless you’re replacing all your bedroom furniture, you won’t want to pair a white dresser with cherry wood headboard. Then list all of the items you’re considering.
- Think about your personal style. Bedroom furniture can be sleek and modern or garden cottage style. While you can accessorize your bed with sheets, you’ll also want to get furniture that matches your personal style.
- Set aside a maximum amount of money you can spend on new bedroom furniture before you start shopping to avoid overspending.
- Measure your bedroom’s length and width with a measuring tape. You’ll want to make sure your furniture can fit.
- Browse online retailers to get an idea of the styles and prices to expect in bedroom furniture. Note the names of designers and styles you enjoy, plus the prices.
- Visit local furniture stores to see bedroom furniture in person. If you’re interested in a particular style but not sure it’s right for you, getting a look for yourself can help you decide. Ask about the prices, delivery and installation of any piece you like so you’re not surprised if you later have to set up a piece of furniture yourself. Most furniture stores deliver for a fee.
- Shop comparatively by visiting several retail stores and checking many online retailers. Also determine whether pieces you like come in other finishes than the one displayed (many do).
- Purchase furniture when you’ve found pieces you like in a budget you can afford. Buy either online or from a local store, making sure you arrange delivery or setup, if necessary.
The phrase, “modern design” conjures images of an austere, sleek interior with limited colors. David Raizman, author of “History of Modern Design,” explains that this design aesthetic originated from the change in production methods during the early 19th century. Mass production meant a reduction in one-of-a-kind, creative furniture pieces. Instead, manufacturers determined style in a “one-style-fits-all” method, resulting in the emergence of simple, streamlined furniture. Creating a study room in this style is possible with some simple guidelines.
- Many modern study rooms stick with extremely basic colors, such as white, black and gray. However, if such sterility is not your preference when creating a modern room, choose two or three accent colors that complement each other. Examples include red, orange and black or yellow, purple and brown.
Limit exposure to alternative colors or try to work with them. For example, a modern study room in red and gray is more difficult to pull off if the view from the study is a lush forest. In that case, switch to a green and brown color scheme. Look for and remove objects that provide an unwanted cluster of color, like a stack of books or file folders, by placing them in an enclosed space like a cabinet.
- Most modern rooms rely on color and shapes and use very few patterns. But you can introduce patterns through throw pillows, rugs, wallpaper and modern art. Keep the color of patterned pieces consistent with the designated basic color scheme. To keep the design simple and clean, choose only one pattern style or print. For example, do not mix stripes or polka dots with toile: Otherwise, the study room will lose it’s modern aesthetic.
- While Victorian design showcases curvaceous furniture, modern furniture is geometric and generally free from ornamentation. Modern couches, desks, file cabinets and wall units, for example, are often cubic or rectangular. You may, however, see a plastic desk chair with a curvy back or egg-shaped design.
Select the wall unit, desk, couch and cabinet in the most neutral color in your designated color palette (i.e., white, black or brown). Keep pieces simple and upholstered pieces low to the ground. Avoid loud furniture pieces that have patterns or are bright in color. Though modern furniture pieces might seem safe or boring, other aspects of the design can add vibrancy and character to the room.
- One of the most essential aspects of modern design is its austerity. Do not clutter the room with unnecessary furniture or accessories. The eye should focus on key points of the room, like a unique light fixture or textured wallpaper, not a cork bulletin board loaded with memos. Keep the desk space tidy: If you are not a naturally organized or clean person, reconsider your choice of aesthetic. The room should show plenty of floor and wall space.
- Modern spaces have much cleaner, crisper lighting than traditional old world studies basked in a golden hue. Choose white light bulbs and opt for large windows that provide natural sunlight. Avoid opulent, heavy lamps in dark wood and goldtones and instead look for light fixtures with clean lines in basic colors of black, steel gray or white. If your budget allows it, choose a modern light fixture that plays with shape: For example, look for a chandelier consisting of a cluster of light bulbs or monochromatic teardrop light fixtures.
These ugly consequences of wear and tear can really bring down the whole look of your home. Pets can also cause snags.
But all hope is not lost; here’s how to fix it:
- Count the number of loops it will take to fill the run on both sides of
the pulled strand. This is very important because if you under count you may ruin your Berber carpet. If you over count you may have to do this again. Double check, once you’ve counted the loops once.
- Count the curls in the yarn and cut it where it’ll provide the right
amount of yarn for both sides of the run. The curls can run pretty tightly, again count carefully.
- Protect the surrounding area of carpet with masking tape. Make a tight seal.
- Squeeze a heavy bead of carpet seam adhesive into the run. You can find these at Lowes or Home Depot in the United States. Any carpet store will have this.
- Use a nail punch to press each ‘scab’ (spot where the original adhesive clings to the yarn) down into the carpet’s backing until the re-established loop is at the correct height.
Follow the illustration carefully.
Try not to make a lot of mistakes or your Berber carpet will not look right and you will need to hire a professional.
Don’t worry though, if you take you time and do this slowly it will be worth it and your Berber carpet will look like new again.
- Vacuum the berber carpet you are cleaning before you use the carpet cleaning machine. This will extract loose dirt, hair and debris, so you don’t clog the machine.
- Pre-treat any stains on your berber carpet with a carpet stain pre-treatment. Use your nylon bristle scrub brush to gently agitate the stained areas. This will ensure that the pre-treatment gets down into the carpet fibers where it needs to be in order to work on the stain.
- Allow the pre-treatment to sit on the berber for about 15 to 20 minutes before you use your carpet cleaning machine.
- Set your carpet cleaning machine to the appropriate setting for a low pile floor. Fill the water tank with hot water and the recommended amount of cleaning solution. It is important to follow the instructions on your carpet cleaning machine to the letter, otherwise you may end up breaking the machine or damaging your carpet.
- Turn your machine on, and clean your carpet in rows. Work at a slow, steady pace. Do not repeat any sections when cleaning berber because it will become too damp and may not dry properly. Empty and refill the tanks for your cleaner as necessary.
- Allow your carpet to air dry. Open windows and use a fan to increase the circulation and airflow in the room. When the carpet is completely dry, you can repeat the cleaning process on any areas of your berber carpet that are still stained.
Americans who need help to pay monthly rent can receive assistance through federally funded programs. The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development sponsors the majority of housing programs in the U.S. and administers benefits nationwide through local public housing agencies. While the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development programs serve as the foundation for housing assistance in urban areas, rural residents may qualify for rent assistance programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program
- HUD’s Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program provides assistance for families and individuals who are currently homeless or face the risk of homelessness. HPRP benefits can include case management, utility assistance, rent assistance and money to pay for security deposits. HUD makes HPRP funds available to states, counties and cities, which administer benefits at a local level. According to HUD, the HPRP received $1.5 billion in 2009, with more than $820 million allocated for utility and rent assistance.
Housing Choice Voucher Program
- HUD extends eligibility for the Housing Choice Voucher program to senior citizens, people with disabilities and low-income families. HCV participants can choose homes from the private rental housing market and receive a subsidy to help pay rent each month. The HCV program requires recipients to pay part of their rent, typically approximately 30 percent of their income, and the voucher pays the difference to the landlord. HUD operates the HCV program through local public housing agencies nationwide, which determine applicant eligibility and administer benefits. Approximately 2 million low-income American families receive HCV assistance, according to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities estimates.
Family Unification Program
- HUD’s Family Unification Program provides a rent subsidy to families faced with losing custody of children due to inadequate housing. The FUP also offers up to 18 months of assistance for certain youth who have left the foster care system and need adequate housing. The FUP provides participants HCV rent subsidies, which they can use to rent housing from the private market. HUD administers the FUP through certain local public housing agencies, but the program is not offered in all areas of the United States.
Public Housing Program
- The HUD Public Housing Program provides affordable housing for the disabled, elderly and low-income families. PHP housing comes in different types and styles, depending on location, which may include apartment units or single-family homes. Local public housing agencies determine applicant eligibility and manage public housing units. PHP participants typically pay approximately 30 percent of their incomes for rent. PHP tenants can typically live in public housing as long as they remain eligible and comply with lease terms. HUD estimated more than 3,000 public housing agencies participated in the PHP, providing homes for over 1 million American households.
Section 515 Housing
- The Rural Housing Service division of the USDA administers the Section 515 housing program. Section 515 provides loans to individuals, organizations and Indian tribes, which recipients can use to provide affordable rural housing for the disabled, elderly and low- to moderate-income families. Section 515 tenants who lack the funds to pay basic rent may qualify for the USDA’s Rural Rental Assistance program. The RRA program provides rent subsidies and typically requires participants to pay 30 percent of their income for rent.
- Lay comfortable flooring for kitchen staff who stand for long periods. Make sure it’s washable and can be sanitized. Use wall coverings like enamel paint that can be washed.
- Choose overhead lighting that will illuminate all parts of the room, including walk-in coolers and freezers. Install hood fans over the stoves and fryers and invest in a system that will ventilate the entire room.
- Place fire extinguishers within easy reach of each work station and install a sprinkler system.
- Put in walk-in freezers and coolers in a large-scale commercial kitchen. Smaller kitchens might not need very large coolers. A walk-in cooler is a must for kitchens that serve many meals a day and need to keep food fresh. Build a large pantry for dry goods.
- Install prep sinks, pot-washing sinks and commercial dishwashers. Keep the wash areas separate from the food-preparation areas.
- Make sure there are at least three cooking stations. Commercial kitchens need a flat-top, deep fryers and gas-fired stoves at a minimum. Convection ovens, rotisseries and microwaves are necessary in some kitchens. Install a wood-burning stove that can reach very high temperatures in a pizza restaurant.
- Place stainless steel counters far enough apart so that kitchen staff can comfortably do food preparation without getting in each other’s way. Leave open shelving under the counters for pot storage.
- Outfit the kitchen with small appliances, pots and pans, knives and kitchen utensils. Build open shelves for serving plates and bowls.
- Add a locker room near the kitchen for staff to change in and for storage of dirty towels and aprons that will go to the laundry. Build a closet for clean linens.
- Memorize the basic terms and formulas to determine the size of a property. You’ll need to know that area is the length times the width of a room or property and that it is expressed in square units (such as square feet or acres). Frontage is the distance the property has along the road or street. Memorize basic equivalencies, such as an acre is 43,560 square feet and 1 yard is 3 feet. Be sure you understand why a square yard is 9 square feet.
- Learn to apply the basic formula for interest calculations. All mortgage loans charge interest, and you will need to have a thorough understanding of the math involved. The amount of interest charged is determined by how much money was borrowed, the rate at which it was borrowed and the term (length of time) of the loan. As a formula: I=PRT.
- Practice working with percentages and decimals. You will need to be able to calculate using percentages to determine commissions, pro-rations, taxes and interest. Percentages are simply parts per hundred. Eight percent is eight parts per hundred. As a decimal, it would be .08. So in a math calculation involving interest using the formula above, if the rate charge on the loan was 8 percent, the principal would be multiplied by .08 to determine the interest for 1 year. Similarly, if an agent is going to earn a 3 percent commission on the sale of a $150,000 home, the commission would be $150,000 times .03, or $4,500. Often costs have to prorated between buyer and seller at closing. If the seller pre-paid his condo fee for the year and is selling after 3 months, then he is due a 75 percent refund (9/12) of the annual fee. This can be calculated by multiply the fee by .75. Taxes can be determined in the same way. If there is a 1 percent real estate transfer tax, it can be calculated by multiplying the sales price by .01.
- Use logic and careful step-by-step methods to solve more complicated real estate problems, such as those involving appraisals and depreciations. The math in these problems employs basic multiplication, fractions, decimals and percentages. You just need to break the problems down and solve them one step at a time.
Just as you won’t find a new Porsche for sale on a used-car lot, you won’t often find million-dollar or multi-million-dollar homes advertised alongside the “regular” listings. In many areas, homes in the quarter-million-dollar range, or those around the median price range in accordance to the 2014 home-sales census by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, greatly outnumber homes in the million-dollar-and-up price range. Real estate agents often take different approaches to drumming up interest in high-priced listings. Glean some selling strategies from their know-how.
- Forget about only listing your million-dollar home locally; few people can afford such luxuries. Agents advertise the best homes globally or at least across the country to reach the masses, explains Forbes magazine. You can use free online classified-ad websites, such as Kijiji or Craigslist, but your chances of catching the wealthy folks’ eyes improve by advertising in their favorite magazines or newspapers, such as the Globe. Doing some of your own advertising, even if you have a real estate agent, can help speed up or initiate an otherwise tough sell. Ask if your agent lists prestigious homes like yours in high-end real estate publications, such as Luxury Home Magazine, for exposure that’s aimed at the right prospective buyers.
- Almost every homebuyer starts the search online, explains the Zillow website. Even many extraordinarily wealthy people who may be in the market for investment property, a summer or winter home, or a primary residence likely turn to the Internet initially. Create a website or blog dedicated to your home; you have plenty of website builders, such as WordPress or Weebly, to walk you through the process, if this sort of task intimidates you. Brag about your home’s immense size, striking architecture, and colossal pool, for example. Play up the location and amenities — but do so tactfully. If you’re not confident in your writing abilities, seek the help of a real estate copywriter; the more astute your advertisement sounds, the more astute the buyer you’ll attract. Upload plenty of top-quality photos and even a virtual tour to back up your claims. Provide links to your agent’s listing or website, if applicable, so that interested parties can easily arrange a viewing or obtain more information.
Make a Suggestion
- Expensive homes can take longer to sell than average-priced homes because of a lack of qualified buyers. Some million-dollar homes simply don’t sell, regardless of high-quality home staging efforts, because — as hard as it may be to face — they are unattractive, are in an unfavorable location, or are just too unusual. If you’re not willing to lower the price to a point that’s affordable to more buyers, don’t become frustrated; be resourceful. Suggest in your ads or blog that the home could become something profitable, recommends the National Association of Realtors. A dark, stone-constructed Gothic home might suit life as a spa, or a massive log home, deep in the woods, might become a bed-and-breakfast, as long as zoning allows.
- When you’re planning to hand your upscale home over to a real estate agent to market, look for someone with experience in selling such properties. Examine the real estate advertisements in your area to find out who lists many big-ticket properties. If your home has knock-out luxuries such as an indoor squash court, or has neighbors who include big-name actors, for example, consider hiring an agency such as Sotheby’s International Realty, which specializes in selling topnotch homes worldwide.
- The very first things you are going to need to do to design your kitchen floor plan is a tape measure, pencil and graph paper.
- Take careful measurements of your kitchen. Be sure when measuring your kitchen that you measure from kitchen wall to kitchen wall, not from the kitchen cabinets.
Mark all of your wall measurements on your graph paper to make your kitchen floor plan. Be sure that each square on your graph paper represents one foot or 6 inches so that your floor plan is a good representation of what your kitchen looks like. It is important to not only draw the line but to mark the exact measurements above the line.
Next you will need to take careful measurements of your doors and windows and draw them on your graph paper kitchen layout.
If there are any other structures in the kitchen that should be noted, be sure to do so. For example, if your chimney runs through your kitchen, be sure to mark that.
Now it is a good time to measure from floor to ceiling and mark that in your sidelines.
- After you have taken all your measurements of your kitchen it is time to start designing your layout of your kitchen using a floor plan you will build on line
- Your kitchen design is on its way! On these websites you will be able to insert kitchen appliances and kitchen cabinets into your floor plan that you designed!
- If you haven’t yet started researching your kitchen appliances, now is the time to do so, so that you have all the measurements you need to design your beautiful new kitchen!